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Ethics C.I.

Medical Law and ethics vocabulary for Carnegie Institute Ethics class

Plaintiff The person who complains, the accuser.
Accessory A person who, even if not present, is related with the performance of a crime.
Non Compos Mentis Not of sound mind; insane.
Battery The use of force or violence upon the person of another.
Contributory Negligence Negligence on the part of the plaintiff (accuser) which is probable to the cause of or contributing to the patient's injury.
Defendant The accused: he who denies or defends against the accusations of another.
Proximate The cause of the injury was closely related to the defendant's negligence.
Res Gestae An exception to the hear say rule. Evidence admissible even though may be "hear say".
Res Ipsa Loquitor "The thing speaks for itself". Obvious charge. Circumstnatial evidence doctrine: nature of the injury strongly or obviously implicates negligence.
Slander Defamation of character by verbal statements.
Subpoena Duces Tecum The order which states you are required to bring anything under his control and produce them as evidence. Aka books, documents, etc.
Deposition Written testimony; under oath, in response to interrogation.
Emancipated Minor Minor whose parents have surrendered all rights, claims and responsibilities. Care for themselves, usually are married, pregnant and/or divorced.
Guardian One entrusted by law with the care and/or property of another.
Liable Bound or obliged by law, responsible.
Locum Tenens "Holding the place" A deputy, substitute, lieutenent, or representative.
Doctrine of Respondeat Superior "The Law of Agency" - The doctor is principle you are his agent.
Civil Law The laws of a state or nation which deal with the enforcement of civil rights. Disputes between citizens, violations of rights by one person to another.
Morbidity The relative incidence of disease
Statute Any written law
Breach The breaking or violating of a law, promise, contract or duty.
Agent A person with the legal right to speak/act on behalf of another. The person is legally responsible for the actions/statements made by agent on his behalf.
Common Law Unwritten law that is based on customs or court decisions.
Implied Consent To give consent by inference or action but without the express statement.
Tort A civil wrong
Revocation The cancellation or summoning back of a license/act.
Ethics A set of behaviorial/moral standards formed by a particular group or profession which attempts to govern the actions or behavior of the memebers of that group.
Felony A crime more serious than a misdemeanor.
Reciprocity The acceptance of one state's standards as at least equal to or superior to their own.
Informed Consent To give consent, having full knowledge of the matter at hand and the dangers that may be involved. (written)
Medical Practice Acts State laws which govern the methods and requirements in gaining a license to practice medicine. Includes what a physician can practice in his field and grounds for suspension or revocation of license.
Good Samaritan Law Laws exempting physicians and other medical professionals from liability for treatment given in accident cases.
Confidential Relationship A relationship in which one cannot reveal information given to him by another without the express consent of the other, unless required by law.
Grievance Committee Group established by the local medical society who hear and investigate complaints about physicians in the area regarding professional care or excessive fees charged.
Principles of Medical Ethics The 10 section code condensed by the AMA in 1957 to aid the physician to individually ad collectively maintain a high level of ethical conduct.
Malfeasance The performance of an improper action.
Misfeasance The improper performance of an action which is approved.
Nonfeasance Failure to perform an approved action.
Misdemeanor A crime less serious than a felony.
Created by: Liz MA