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Module E (Quizlet 6)

Technical Escort - Radiological Operations

QuestionAnswer
Negligible risk definition Acceptable when the mission requires units to operate in a contaminated environment (significant advantages will be gained)
Moderate risk definition Acceptable in close support operations where troops must be able to continuously operate at full efficiency
Emergency risk definition Only acceptable in rare situations termed disaster situations (disaster situation outweighs the radiation emergency risk
Periodic monitoring definition Conducted at defined or predetermined intervals
Continuous monitoring definition Involves uninterrupted surveillance of the area
What are the two types of monitoring techniques? Direct and indirect
Direct monitoring definition Most precise monitoring technique
Indirect monitoring definition Lowers the risk of exposure to personnel
What are the two types of radiological surveys? Ground and aerial
What are the advantages of ground surveying? Done with own equipment, done in any weather, can be done at night and more accurate
What are the disadvantages of ground surveying? Higher risk of exposure rates, lack flexibility, lacks speed and requires more personnel and equipment
When are surveys conducted? After all fallout is complete
What is the course leg technique? Used to find the extent and intensity of radiological contamination
What is the preselected dose rate technique? Old contamination that is greater than the time of attack and neutron-induced radiation
What must be determined before conducting any type of rad mission? Turnback dose and turnback dose rate
What are the two types of samples collected after a nuclear blast? Refractory or volatile
What is the composition of refractory samples? Can handle temp over 1000 degrees F, non-volatile, glass, rocks, fragments of weapon/rocket fuel and heating fuels/fragments for the weapon
What is the composition of volatile samples? Dust, small debris within dirt, pass off readily in form of a vapor, evaporates easily and less likely to maintain its form
What are ideal collection locations for refractory samples in urban environments? Inside of cars and buildings (glass from windows) and top of buildings
What are ideal collection locations for refractory samples in rural environments? Melted material
Created by: JeromeTalley