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Intro. to A&P

A&P I - Intro. to A&P

what is anatomical position body erect, feet slightly apart, palms forward, thumbs away from body
what is sectional anatomy (body planes) used for visualizing internal organs and structures
name some clinical uses for sectional anatomy (planes) imaging (radiology): MRI, PET, or CT
____________ is the study of body structures anatomy is the study of body structures
what type of anatomy examines large, visible structures gross (Macroscopic) anatomy examines large, visible structures
what does surface anatomy look at exterior features
_____________ anatomy focuses on body areas/regions of the body regional anatomy focuses on body areas
systemic anatomy studies _________________ systemic anatomy studies organ systems
what does clinical anatomy study medical specialties studies anatomy
____________________________ anatomy studies human anatomy from embryo to death developmental anatomy
_________________ anatomy examines cells and molecules, things that can only be viewed using a microscope) microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules
_________________ is the study of cells and their structures cytology is the study of cells and their structures
__________________ is the study of tissues and their structures histology is the study of the tissues and their structures
physiology is the study of _______________________ physiology studies the functions of anatomical structures
Structures and functions (are/are not) closely related structures and Functions ARE closely related
______________________ maintains internal stability homeostasis maintains the internal stability of the human body
the two topics related for physiology are: the function and the process
the functional topic of physiology discusses (how/why) something is happening; while the procedural topic of physiology focuses on (how/why) a process occurs functional focuses on WHY, procedural focuses on HOW
what level of physiology focuses on the processes within and between cells cell physiology
what does organ physiology focus on organ physiology focuses on the specific organs
__________________________ physiology focuses on the functions of an organ system systemic physiology focuses on the functions of organ systems
________________________ focuses on the effect of diseases pathological physicology
name some organs of the circulatory system heart, blood vessels, blood
what is the function of the cardiovascular system transport of materials between all the cells of the body
which system includes the stomach, intestine, liver, and pancreas digestive system
the function of the digestive system includes conversion of food into particles that can be transported into the body; and elimination of wastes
name some organs that are part of the immune system thymus, spleen, lymph nodes
what organs are part of the endocrine system thyroid gland and adrenal gland
the __________________ system controls the coordination of the body function using regulatory molecules endocrine system coordinates the functions of the body using regulatory molecules
what is the function of the immune system defense against foreign invaders
what organ system is the skin classified under integumentary system
the function of the _________________ system is the protect the body from the external envirmonment the integumentary system protect the body from an external environment
what is the function of the musculoskeletal system support the body and provide for movement
name the organs that are part of the musculoskeletal system muscles and bones
the functions of the _________________ system includes the coordination of body function through electrical signals the nervous system
what are some of the major organs in the nervous system brain and spinal cord
what are some major organs in the reproductive system ovaries and uterus and testes
what are the functions of the reproductive system the perpetuation of the species
the _______________________ system functions to exchange gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) between the internal and external environments respiratory system
what are the major organs of the respiratory system lungs and associated airways
what are the major organs of the urinary system kidneys, bladder, ureters
what is the functions of the urinary system maintenance of water and solutes in the internal environment and wast removal
name the different levels of organization for the human organism (starting with atom) atom, molecule, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, and organism
______________ and ________________ combine to form tissues extracellular material/fluids and cells combine to form tissues
name the four main types of tissue in the human body epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue, and neural tissue
name five survival needs 1) nutrients, 2) oxygen, 3) water, 4) normal body temp. and 5) atmospheric pressure
why does the human body need nutrients energy and cell building
why does the human body need oxygen metabolic reactions
______________ provides the necessary environment for chemical reactions water provides the necessary environment for chemical reactions
_________________ makes up 60-68% body weight water makes up 60-68% body weight
why is it important to maintain core body temperature? appropriate temperatures are necessary for chemical reactions to occur at life-sustaining rates
___________________ is required for the proper breathing and gas exchange in the lungs atmospheric pressure
Created by: kandriot



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