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Sense Organs:

Sense Organs: eye and ear

Dark opening of the eye, surrounded by the iris, through which light rays pass pupil
Behind the cornea and in front of the lens and iris. It contains aqueous humor. anterior chamber
Fluid produced by the ciliary body and found in the anterior chamber aqueous humor
Structure on each side of the lens that connects the chorois and iris. Ciliary body
Fibrous transparent layer of clear tisue that extends over the anterios portion of the eyeball cornea
Tiny pit or depression in the retina that is the region of clearest vision fovea centralis
Colored pigmented membrane surrounding the pupil of the eye iris
Transparent, biconvex body behind the pupil of the eye lens
Point at which optic nerve fibers cross in the brain optic chiasm
Region at the back of the eye where the optic nerve meets the retina. Also called the blind spot. Optic disc
Cranial nerve carrying impulses from the retina to the brain optic nerve
Light-sensitive nerve cell layer of the eye containing photoreceptor cells retina
Soft,jelly-like material behind the lens in the vitreous chamber. vitreous humor
Tough, white outer coat of the eyeball sclera
Responsible for color and central vision cones
Essential for vision in dim light and peripheral vision rods
aque/o water
blephar/o eyelid
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
cor/o pupil
corne/o cornea
cycl/o ciliary body
dacry/o tears, tear duct
ir/o, irid/o iris
kerat/o cornea
lacrim/o tears
ocul/o eye
ophthalm/o eye
opt/o, optic/o eye, vision
palpebr/o eyelid
papill/o optic disc
phac/o, phak/o lens of the eye
pupill/o pupil
retin/o retina
scler/o sclera
uve/o uvea
vitre/o glassy
ambly/o dull, dim
dipl/o double
glauc/o gray
mi/o smaller, less
mydr/o widen, enlarge
nyct/o night
phot/o light
presby/o old age
scot/o darkness
xer/o dry
-opia vision
-opsia vision
-tropia to turn
Defective curvature of the cornea or lens of the eye astigmatism
Farsightedness hyperopia
Nearsightedness myopia
Impairment of vision as a result of old age presbyopia
Clouding of the lens, causing decreased vision cataract
Retinal effects of diabetes mellitus include microaneurysms, hemorrhages, dilation of retinal veins, and neovacularization diabetic retinopathy
Increased intraocular pressure results in damage to the retina and optic nerve with loss of vision glaucoma
Localized, purulent, inflammatory staphylococcal infection of a sebaceous gland in the eyelid hordeolum (stye or sty)
Visual examination of the interior of the eye ophthalmoscopy
Clarity of vision is asessed visual acuity test
Measures the area within which objects are seen when the eyes are fixed, looking straight ahead without movement of the head visual field test
LASIK laser in situ keratomileusis
OD right eye
OS left eye
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
VA visual acuity
VF visual filed
Channel that leads from the pinna to the eardrum auditory canal
Carry impulses from the inner ear to the brain auditory nerve fibers
Channel between the middle ear and the nasopharynx auditory tube, eustachian tube
Flap of the ear, the protruding par of the external ear; pinna auricle
Waxy substance secreted by the external ear; ear wax cerumen
Snail-shaped, spirally wound tube in the inner ear cochlea
Fluid within the labrynth of the inner ear endolymph
Second ossicle of the middle ear; anvil incus
First ossicle of the middle ear; hammer malleus
Sensitive auditory receptor area found in the cochlea of the inner ear organ of corti
Small bone of the ear ossicle
Membrane between the middle ear and the inner ear oval window
Auricle; flap of the ear pinna
Passages in the inner ear associated with maintaining equilibrium semicircular canals
Third ossicle of the middle ear; stirrup stapes
Membrane between the outer and the middle ear; eardrum tympanic membrane
Central cavity of the labrynth, connecting the semicircular canals and the cochlea vestibule
acous/o hearing
audi/o hearing
audit/o hearing
aur/o, auricul/o ear
cochle/o cochlea
mastoid/o mastoid process
myring/o eardrum
ossicul/o ossicle
ot/o ear
salping/o eustachian tube
staped/o stapes
tympan/o eardrum; tympanic membrane
vestibul/o vestibule
-acusis, -cusis hearing
-meter instrument to measure
-otia ear condition
Disorder of the labyrinth of the inner ear Meniere disease
Inflammation of the middle ear otitis media
Sensation of noises in the ears tinnitus
Sensation of irregular or whirling motion either of oneself or of external objects vertigo
Testing the sense of hearing audiometry
Visual examination of the ear with an otoscope otoscopy
Test of ear conduction using a vibration source (tuning fork) tuning fork test
AD right ear
AS left ear
EENT eyes, ears, nose and throat
ENT ears, nose and throat
Created by: 571696951