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Ch. 1 A&P

Quiz Terms

TermDefinition
Anterior/Ventral refers to the front of the human body. "the veins anterior to the heart". "the trachea is anterior to the esophagus".
Posterior/Dorsal Describes the back or direction toward the back of the body. "the heart is posterior to the sternum"
Superior above another body part. " the face is superior to the neck"
Inferior below another body part. "the navel is inferior to the chin"
Medial a body part closes to the imaginary mid-line of the body. " the bridge of the nose is medial to the eyes"
Lateral the body part furthest away from the mid-line. " The eyes are lateral to the nose"
Proximal elbow is proximal to hand
Distal the foot is distal to the knee
Superficial (External) a body part locate closer to the surface than another. " the skin is superficial to the muscles"
Deep (internal) a body part that is located farther from the surface than the other. "
Central body part located towards the center of the body or an organ. " the central nervous system is centrally located along the main axis of the body"
Peripheral body part located farthest away from the center of the body. "the peripheral nervous system is located outside of the central nervous system"
Sagittal (median) extends lengthwise and divides body into right and left portions
Midsagital extends lengthwise exactly though the middle of the body
Frontal/Coronal extends lengthwise and divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) sections (perpendicular to Sagittal plane)
Transverse/Horizontal cuts the body into superior and inferior sections
Longitudinal Section part of the body cut lengthwise and removed
Cross Section part of the body cut straight across and removed
Axial includes the thorax, abdomen and pelvis
Appendicular includes the upper and lower limbs
Abdominal stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, most of the small and large intestines.
Axillary armpit
Antebrachial forearm
Brachial arm
Buccal cheek
Carpal wrist
Cephalic head
Cervical neck
Coxal hip
Cranial brain
Digital toes
Femoral thigh
Frontal forehead
Gluteal buttock
Inguinal groin
Lumbar lower back
Mammary breast
Nasal nose
Occipital back of head
Ophthalmic eye
Oral mouth
Orbital eye cavity
Otic ear
Palmar palm
Patellar kneecap
Pectoral chest
Pedal foot
Pubic/Genital reproductive organs
Pelvic rectum, rest of large intestine, urinary bladder
Plantar sole of foot
Popliteal back of knee
Sternal sternum
Tarsal anckle
Thoracic contains heart, lungs and esophagus.
Umbilical navel
Vertebral contains spinal cord (spinal column)
Created by: avazquez0225
 

 



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