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Roots

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
angi/o blood vessel
arthro joint
cardi/o heart
derm/o skin
enter/o small intestine
gastr/o stomach
gen/o generation, cause
hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water
morph/o change
muscul/o muscle
myc/o fungus
necr/o death
neur/o nerve
orth/o straight
path/o suffering, disease
phag/o eat
plas/o formation
pneum/o lung
troph/o nourishment, development
vas/o, vascul/o blood vessel
xen/o foreign
adip/o fat
alb/o white
erythr/o red
hidr/o sweat
kerat/o hard, horny
leuk/o white
melon/o black
onych/o nail
pil/o hair
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
burs/o bursa
carp/o wrist
cervic/o neck
chondr/o cartilage
cost/o rib
dactyl/o finger
femor/o femur
kinesi/o movement, motion
lumb/o loin, lower back
oste/o bone
spondyl/o vertebra
tax/o arrangement, order, coordination
ten/o tendon
tibi/o tibia
ton/o tone, tension
cephal/o head
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o brain
crani/o head, skull
dur/o tough outer membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord
encephal/o brain
esthesi/o feeling, sensation
gnosi/o know
mening/o meninges; membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
phas/o speech
phren/o mind
dermat/o skin
cutane/o skin
meningi/o meninges; membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord
psyc/o mind
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
trich/o hair
lip/o fat
steat/o fat
ungu/o nail
pneumon/o lung
pulmon/o lung
my/o muscle
hemat/o blood
acous/o sound
audi/o sound
aur/o ear
blephar/o eyelid
cerumi/o ear wax
conjunctive/o conjunctiva
corn/o cornea
dacry/o tear
ir/o iris
irid/o iris
kerat/o cornea
lacrim/o tear
myring/o eardrum
ocul/o eye
ophthalm/o eye
opt/o eye
ot/o ear
phac/o lens
phak/o lens
retin/o retina
slaping/o eustachian tube
scler/o sclera (the white of the eye)
tympan/o eardrum
aden/o gland
adren/o, adrenal/o adrenal gland
crin/o secrete
gluc/o, glucos/o, glyc/o sugar
hypophysc/o pituitary gland
pancreat/o pancreas
pituitar/o pituitary gland
thym/o thymus
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid
cyt/o cell
lymph/o lymph
phleb/o vein
splen/o spleen
thromb/o clot
tonsill/o tonsill
ven/o vein
apheresis separation
thrombus blood clot
embol embolus
poisis formation
nephr kidney
gonado gonad
dips thirst
goiter swollen thyroid gland
edema swelling
acro extremities
miot constriction
thym/o thymus
angio vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o artery
ather/o fatty plaque
atri/o atrium (upper chamber)
cardi/o heart
coron/o heart
phleb/o vein
sept/o septum (plural septa)
valvul/o valve
vas/o vessel
vascul/o vessel
ventricul/o ventricle (lower chamber)
adenoid/o adenoid
bronch/o bronchus
bronchi/o bronchiole
capn/o carbon dioxide
carb/o carbon dioxide
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
lob/o lobe
nos/o nose
ox/o oxygen
palat/o palate
pector/o chest
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
phren/o diaphragm
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o, pneumat/o,, pneumon/o air or lungs
pulmon/o lungs
rhin/o nose
sept/o septum
sin/o, sinus/o sinus
spir/o breathing
thorac/o chest
tonsill/o tonsil
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
abdomin/o abdomen
an/o anus
bil/o bile (gall)
celi/o abdomen
chol/e bile (gall)
col/o colon (large intestine)
colon/o colon (large intestine)
cyst/o bladder
dent/o tooth
doch/o duct
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o intestines
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gum
gloss/o tongue
hepatic/o liver
ile/o ileum
jejun/o jejunum
lapar/o abdomen
lingu/o tongue
odent/o tooth
or/o mouth
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum
proct/o anus and rectum
rect/o rectum
sial/o saliva
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
stomat/o mouth
balan/o penis
epididym/o epididymis
glomerul/o glomerulus
lith/o stone
nephr/o kidney
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o testicle
prostat/o prostate
pyel/o renal pelvis
ren/o kidney
sperm/o, spermat/o sperm
test/o testicle
ur/o, urin/o urine
urethr/o urethra
ureter/o ureter
vesic/o bladder
amni/o amnion
cervic/o cervix
chori/o chorion
chorion/o chorion
colp/o vagina
episi/o vulva
fet/o fetus
gyn/o woman
gynec/o woman
hyster/o uterus
lact/o milk
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o menstruation
metr/o uterus
nat/o birth
pelv/i pelvis
perine/o perineum
salping/o fallopian tube
toc/o labor
uter/o uterus
vagin/o vagina
vulv/o vulva
Created by: AMary
 

 



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