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Medical terminology

The Integumentary System

TermDefinition
acne vulgaris AK-nee vul-GAR-is Inflammation of the skin follicles
dermatitis der-mah-TAI-tis inflammation of the skin
dermatomycosis der-mah-toh-mai-KOH-sis a fungal skin condition
hypertrichosis HAI-per-trih-KOH-sis excessive growth of hair
ichthyosis ik-thee-OH-sis a condition in which the skin is dry and scaly and resemble fish scales
impetigo im-peh-TAI-goh a highly contagious bacterial infection of the skin
malignant melanoma ma-LIG-nant meh-lah-NOH-ma a harmful tumor of melanin cells
mycodermatitis mai-koh-der-mah-TAI-tis inflammation of the skin caused by fungus
onychomycosis AW-nih-koh-mai-KOH-sis a fungal condition of the nail
sclerodermatitis skleh-roh-der-mah-TAI-tis inflammation of the skin accompanied by thickening and hardening
scleronychia skleh-raw-NIH-kee-ah thickening and hardening of the nails
seborrheic dermatitis se-boh-RAY-ik der-mah-TAI-tis inflammation of the skin caused by the discharge of oil (sebum)
steatitis stay-ah-TAI-tis inflammation of fat tissue
trichomycosis trik-koh-mai-KOH-sis a fungal condition of the hair
xanthosis zan-THOH-sis yellowing of the skin
hypodermic hai-poh-DER-mik pertaining to beneath the skin
intradermal in-trah-DER-mal pertaining to inside the skin
percutaneous per-kyoo-TAY-nee-us pertaining to through the skin
subcutaneous sub-kyoo-TAY-nee-us pertainig to beneath the skin
transdermal trans-DER-mal pertaining to through the skin
chemotherapy KEE-moh-THEH-rah-pee treatmentusing chemicals
cryosurgery KRAI-oh-SIR-juh-ree destruction of tissue through freezing
dermabrasion der-mah-BRAY-zhun rubbing or scraping away the outer surface of skin
incision and drainage (I&D) in-SIH-zhun and DRAY-nij to cut into a wound to allow trapped infected liquid to drain
lipectomy lih-PEK-toh-mee removal of fatty tissue
liposuction LAI-poh-SUK-shun removal of fatty tissue using a vacuum
onychectomy aw-nik-EK-toh-mee remove of a nail
onychotomy aw-ni-KAW-toh-mee incision into a nail
anesthetic an-es-THET-ik a drug that temporarily blocks sensation
antibiotic an-thai-bai-OH-tk a drug that destroysor opposes growth of microorganisms
antihistamine an-tee-HIS-tah-meen a drug that opposes the effects of histamine
antipruritic an-tee-pruh-RIH-tik a drug that prevents or relieves itching
abrasion uh-BRAY-zhun scraping away of skin
albinism AL-bin-ism lack of pigmentation in skin, causing patient to look white
albino al-BAY-noh a person afflicted with albinism
alopecia a-loh-PEE-sha baldness
anhidrosis an-hi-DROH-sis lack of sweating
dermatalgia der-mah-TAL-jah skin pain
dermatodynia der-MA-toh-DAI-nee-ah skin pain
erythema eh-rih-THEE-ma redness
erythroderma eh-RIH-throh-DER-ma red skin
hidropoiesis hih-droh-poh-EE-sis the formation of sweat
hyperhidrosis hai-per-hih-DROH-sis excessive sweating
hyperkerotosis hai-per-ker-ah-TOH-sis excessive growth of horny skin
hypermelanosis hai-per-mel-an-OH-sis excessive melanin in the skin
hyperpigmentation hai-per-pig-men-TAY-shun excessive pigment in the skin
hypohidrosis hai-poh-hih-DROH-sis diminished sweating
hypomelanosis hai-poh-mel-an-OH-sis diminished melanin in the skin
hypopigmentation hai-poh-pig-men-TAY-shun diminished pigment in the skin
leukoderma loo-koh-DER-mah white skin
onychophagia aw-nih-koh-FAY-jah eating or biting the nails
pruritus prur-AI-tis an itch
trichomegaly tri-koh-MEG-ah-lee abnormally thick hair
urticaria ur-tih-KAR-ee-ah swollen raised itchy areasof the skin
xanthoderma zan-thoh-DER-mah yellow skin
xeroderma zeh-roh-DER-mah dry skin
xerosis ze-ROH-sis condition of dryness
macule (freckle) MA-kyool, MAW-koo-lah small, flat, discolored area
patch patch larger, flat, discolored area
papule PA-pyool a small solid mass
plaque PLAK a solid mass on the surface of the skin
bulla BUL-lah a larger blister
pustule PUS-tyool a pus-filled blister
ulcer UL-sir a sore
scale SKAYL skin flaking off
crust krust a dried substance (blood, pus, etc) on the skin
ecchymosis eh-kih-MOH-sis a larger bruise
petechia puh-TEE-kee-yah a small bruise
cicatrix SIK-ah-triks scar
keloid KEE-loid overgrowth of scar tissue
nevus NEE-vus mole
verruca var-ROO-kah wart
biopsy (Bx) BAI-op-see removal of tissue in order to examine it ( with your own twoeyes)
keratogenic ker-RA-toh-jen-ik causing horny tissue to develop
keratosis KER-rah-TOH-sis horny tissue condition
onychocryptosis AW-nih-koh-krip-TOH-sis an ingrown nail
onychopathy aw-nik-AW-pah-thee nail disease
steatoma STEE-ah-TOH-ma a fatty tumor
Created by: lalla