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Module C (Quizlet) 3

Technical Escort - Chemical Operations

What are the two methods for mustard gas purification? Washing and distillation
How do you purify mustard gas with washing technique? Use separatory funnel and, which removes water soluble contaminants
What are the pros and cons of purifying mustard gas with distillation technique? Pro: gives more pure product, con: requires more time and effort than washing
What are the precursors to triacetone triperoxide (TATP)? Acetone, hydrogen peroxide and strong acids
What is step 1 and 2 for TATP synthesis/process? Step 1: cool acetone with an ice bath, and step 2: add peroxide
What is step 3 and 4 for TATP synthesis/process? Step 3: slowly add hrdrochloric acid and stir, step 4: filter off the solid and wash with water
What are the precursors to hexamethylene triperoxide diamine (HMTD)? Hydrogen peroxide, hexamine and weak acids
What is step 1 and 2 for HMTD synthesis/process? Step 1: add hexamine to peroxide and cool in ice bath, step 2: add citric acid in small increments and stir
What is step 3, 4 and 5 for HMTD synthesis/process? Step 3: continue stirring in ice for 2 hours, step 4: allow solution to sit for 8-12 hours (overnight) and step 5: filter off the solid precipitate and wash with water
What does TATP stand for? Triacetone triperoxide
What does HMTD stand for? Hexamethylene triperoxide diamine
What does MEKP stand for? Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide
What are the precursors to MEKP? Hydrogen peroxide, methyl ethyl ketone. sulfuric acid (strong acid) and sodium bicarbonate
What is step 1, 2 and 3 for MEKP synthesis/process? Step 1: place methyl ethyl ketone in a -10 to 5 degree Celsius ice bath, step 2: add hydrogen peroxide and step 3: add sulfuric acid
What is step 4 and 5 for MEKP synthesis/process? Step 4: wait 24 hours, then add sodium bicarbonate and step 5: extract MEKP with syringe and let sit in open for the water to evaporate off
Is TATP more unstable wet or dry? Dry, crystallized TATP can be initiated by shock or just the opening of a jar, if it crystallizes on the threads of the jar
How much pressure does it take to initiate HMTD? 0 PSI
What is the NPK number and what does it stand for? It describes the type of element mixed with ammonia for fertilizer and stands for nitrogen, phosphate and potassium
What are home-made explosive lab indicators? Burns on walls/ceiling, nitric acid, corroded containers and drying areas
What are home-made explosive lab indicators? PPE, Rubber/latex gloves and face masks
Created by: JeromeTalley