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Final Exam 1 Review

Medical Terminology Semester 1 Chapter reviews

What is a test that measures the volume of red blood cells within the total volume of the blood hematocrit
is commonly called blood poisoning septicemia
a floating clot embolus
an inherited disease where the blood fails to clot hemophilia
a hypersensitivity to a common substance allergy
a type of allergy testing scratch
severe itching associated with hives urticaria
combining form that means women gynec/o
combining form that means cut cis/o
what prefix means before pre-
prefix that means outside of extra-
prefix that means half hemi-
prefix that means within intra-
prefix that means normal eu-
suffix that means abnormal flow -rrhage
suffix that means the process of measuring -metery
suffix that means to withdraw fluid -centesis
what suffix means protrusion -cele
suffix that means narrowing -stenosis
what suffix means drooping -ptosis
what suffix means destruction -lytic
terms ending in -a are pluralized by simply adding am -e to the end of them. True or False? True
Terms ending in -um are pluralized by simply adding an -s to the end of the term. True or False? False
What are the three parts of respiration? Ventilation, external respiration, internal respiration
The flow of air between the outside environment and the lungs ventilation
the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide that takes place in the lungs external respiration
exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide that takes place on a cellular level where oxygen is delivered to the bloodstream internal respiration
common name for the pharynx throat
common name for the larynx voice box
common name for the trachea windpipe
4 main components of the blood leukocytes, erythrocytes, platelets, plasma
universal donor blood type O negative
Universal recipient blood type AB positive
The blood clotting process is called hemostasis. True or False? True
Hemolytic reaction occurs when a blood transfusion reacts with a patients own blood. True or false? True
A hematoma Bruise
True of False, hemoglobin is the protein inside the erythrocytes that picks up and transports oxygen? True
Too few white blood cells leukopenia
blood destruction hemolytic
pertaining to a clot thrombotic
pertaining to fibers fibrinous
too many white blood cells leukocytosis
What is the most important standard precaution? Washing your hands
A condition that results in thick blood as a results of having too many red blood cells polycythemia vera
Does the lymphatic system assist in the blood clotting process? Yes or No. No
A blood test that tests for bacterial growth culture and sensitivity
Abbreviation for non-nosocomial infection HAI
phleb/o vein
Abbreviation for personal protective equipment PPE
C&S Culture & Sensitivity
Which of the following is not a function of the epithelial tissue support body structures
What plane divides the body into left and right portions sagittal
The plane that divides the body horizontally transverse
What plane divides the body into front and back portions Frontal
What region is the head a part of cephalic region
Arms are a part of what region brachial
Is dorsal front or back back
What term means more to the back side of the body posterior
What directional term means farther away from the point of attachment to the body distal
anterior means fron
doral means back
what term means lying face down prone
what terms means lying on your back supine
medial (middle) and lateral (outside) are opposite terms, true or false? True
what is another term that is interchangeable with inferior? caudal
In anatomical divisions of the abdomen the middle row is called what? Think of the cord a baby has cut off when they are born. umbilical
What term means toward the surface of the body superficial
belly side of the body (interchangeable with anterior) ventral
name for the torso is in what region trunk
Cell, tissue, organ, organ system, whole body. Correct organization? Yes
my/o muscle
rotat/o rotate
habilitat/o ability
myos/o muscle
vers/o to turn
flex/o to bend
duct/o to bring
kinesi/o movement
tend/o tendon
physic/o body
therm/o heat
ten/o tendon
hydr/o water
fasci/o fibrous band
muscul/o muscle
extens/o to stretch out
phon/o sound
tendin/o tendon
fibr/o fiber
plant/o sole of your foot
-asthenia weakness
-phoresis carrying
-kinesis movement
-ion action
-tonia tone
-trophic pertaining to development
ankyl/o stiff joint
arthr/o joint
articul/o joint
burs/o sac
chondr/o cartilage
cervic/o neck
cortic/o outer region
cost/o rib
kyph/o hump
lamin/o laming
lord/o bent backwards
myel/o bone marrow
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
ped/o child or foot
pod/o foot
prosthet/o addition
radi/o radius
lumb/o loin
medull/o medulla
scoli/o crooked
spondyl/o vertebrae
thorac/o chest
-blast immature
-porosis porous
-non not
-clasia surgically break
-desis to fuse
-listhesis slipping
-dynia pain
-duct to bring
ab- away from
-ion condition
-eal pertaining to
albin/o white
cauter/o to burn
kerat/o hard or horny
lip/o fat
leuk/o white
erythr/o red
hidr/o sweat
melan/o black
necr/o death
myc/o fungus
seb/o oil
trich/o hair
xer/o dry
ungu/o nail
phot/o light
py/o pus
scler/o hard
rhytid/o wrinkles
cutane/o skin
vesic/o sac
-derma skin condition
allo- other
xeno- foreign or different
angi/o vessel
ather/o fatty substance
cardi/o heart
atri/o artery
isch/o to hold back
phleb/o vein
ventricul/o ventricle
ven/o vein
vas/o vessel
vascul/o blood vessel
valvul/o valve
thromb/o clot
steth/o chest
sphygm/o pulse
aort/o aorta
arteri/o artery
coron/o heart
valv/o valve
-ule small
-ole small
-manometer instrument that measures pressure
-tension pressure
varic/o dilated vein
myocardi/o heart muscle
thromb/o clot
agglutin/o clumping
chrom/o color
leuk/o white
fus/o pouring
sanguin/o blood
phag/o eat or swallow
morph/o shape
septic/o infection
bas/o base
granul/o granules
eosin/o rosy red
neutr/o neutral
myel/o bone marrow
coagul/o clotting
-emia blood condition
-crit separation of
-penia too few
lymphaden/o lymph nodes or lymph glands
nucle/o nucleus
tonsill/o tonsill
lymphangi/o lymph vessels
immun/o protection
adenoid/o adenoids
-toxic pertaining to poison
splen/o spleen
axill/o axilla
-globulin protein
inguin/o inguinal
thym/o thymus gland
-phage to eat
-edema swelling
lymph/o lymph
Created by: morganweesner



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