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Detection challenges (9) Peripheral Targets Camouflage, masked, appear innocuous, hidden by surroundings Small targets in complex detection environments Heard not seen Less than ideal indirect fire illumination Natural/ man made obscurants Behavioral/ physical deficiencies of
Core Fundamental of detection skills Scan & Search Acquire Locate
What is the goal of the Direct Engaged Process Provide a standardized method of engagement for weapons and platforms on the battlefield.
What are the steps of the direct engagement process? Detect Identify Decide Engage Assess
What are target signatures? Personnel Obstacles/ mines Vehicles Artillery Antirank Aircraft
Detection Methods Rapid Slow Horizomtal Vertical Detaed
HATS / WEFT Haul Armaments Turret Suspension/ Wings Engine Fuselage Tail
Threat levels (3) Most dangerous Dangerous Least Dangerous
Flash to bang Adjacent units Map recognition Known range (sketch) Mil relationship
Near before far Stationary before moving Flank before front
Alert Weapon/ ammo Target description Direction/ elevation Range Modifiers Controls Execution Termination
LRF failures (5) Internal failure Vehicle failure Environmental (snow, fog, rain, or windows) Man made/ battlefield obscurants Multiple returns
Principles of direct Fire (8) Destroy greatest threat first Employ best weapon Avoid overkill Develop contingency Mass effect on target Prevent fratricide Minimize friendly exposure Prepare for extreme limited visibility
Target recognition features HATS & WEFT
Deliver Determination Methods Flash to bang Adjacent units Map reference Known range (sketch card) Mil relationship
Traget prioritization Near before far Flank before frontal Stationary before moving
Fire command types (3) Initial Subsequent Supplemental
Alert Weapon/ ammo Target description Direction/ elevation Range Method Controls Execution Termination
Response Sensing/ assessment Modifiers Clarification Movement
Elements of a fire command (9) Alert Weapon/ ammo Target description Direction/ elevation Range Method Controls Execution Termination
Key components of fire commands A W T D R M C E T
Fire Command Terms Response Sensing/ assessment Modfiers Clarification Movement
Mobility Kill Firepower kill Combined firepower and mobility kill Catastrophic Kill
Stops moving Explosion Crew abandons vehicle Smoking Stops firing
Destruction levels - Mobility kill - firepower kill - combined mobility and firepower kill - Catastrophic
Destruction indicators - smoke that appears to come from inside vehicle - crew abandons vehicle - explosion - stops moving - stops firing
Collective sector search techniques Overlapping sectors Divided sectors Near-to-far sectors
What is the least desired location technique? Grid method
Target marking methods (3) Panels Lighting Symbols
Define a most dangerous target An identified threat that has the ability to defeat the friendly force and is prepared to do so
Define a dangerous target An identified threat that has the ability to defeat the friendly force, but is not prepared to do so.
Define a least dangerous threat. Any threat does not have the ability to defeat the friendly force, but can coordinate with other threats.
Types of fire commands (3) Initial Subsequent Supplemental
Created by: Atxvan
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