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The Urinary System

Ch 22 The Urinary System

QuestionAnswer
What are the organs of the urinary system? 2 kidneys, 2 ureters, the bladder and the urethra.
What are 3 systems other than the urinary system that eliminate waste? The digestive, respiratory, and integumentary systems.
Where is the retroperitoneal space? Posterior to the peritoneum
What vessel supplies blood to the kidney, and what vessel drains blood from the kidney? The renal artery supplies blood to the kidney, and the renal vein drains blood from the kidney.
What is the name of the funnel-shaped collecting area that forms the upper end of the ureter? The renal pelvis
What is the functional unit of the kidney called? The nephron
What name is given to the coil of the capillaries in the glomerular capsule? The glomerulus
What process drives materials out of the glomerulus and into the glomerular capsule? Filtration
What is the name of the process that returns materials from the nephron back to the circulation? Tubular reabsorption
What component of the filtrate is moved by tubular secretion to balance pH? Hydrogen ions
What hormone controls water reabsorption from the collecting duct of the nephron? Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
What substance is produced by the JG apparatus, and under what conditions is it produced? Renin is produced when blood pressure drops.
What is the name of the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder? Ureter
What openings form the bladder's trigone? The openings of the ureters and the urethra.
What is the name of the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside? The urethra
What are some normal constituents of urine? Abnormal constituents? Nitrogen waste, electrolytes, and pigments are normal constituents of urine; glucose, albumin, blood, ketones, white blood cells, and multiple casts are some of the abnormal constituents of urine.
What is the scientific name for stones, as may occur in the urinary tract? Calculi
What is term for inflammation of the bladder? Cystitis
What is the term for an excess of nitrogenous waste products in the blood? Uremia
What process can be used to eliminate waste products from the blood in cases of renal failure? Renal dialysis
JUXTA NEXT TO
NEPHRO KIDNEY
RENO KIDNEY
RETRO BACKWARD, BEHIND
EXTRA BEYOND, OUTSIDE OF
CELE SWELLING, ENLARGED SPACE
CYSTO SAC, BLADDER
DIA THROUGH
PYELO RENAL PELVIS
TRANS ACROSS, THROUGH
NOCTI NIGHT
Created by: Jessica Venyke