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Ch 21 Body Fluids

Body fluids in A&P

QuestionAnswer
Where are intracellular fluids located? Extracellular fluids? Intracellular fluids- within cells. Extracellular- outside cells.
What is interstitial fluid? Fluid located between cells in tissues.
What are cations and anions? Cations are positively charged ions. Anions are negatively charged ions.
What are four routes for water loss from the body? The kidneys, the skin, the lungs, and the intestinal tract.
What hormone from the adrenal cortex promotes sodium reabsorption in the kidney? Aldosterone.
What pituitary hormone increases water reabsorption in the kidney? Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
What are the 3 mechanisms for maintaining the acid-base balance of body fluids? Buffer systems, respiration, and kidney function.
What condition arises from abnormally low body fluids? From high pH of body fluids? Acidosis (low pH) Alkalosis (high pH)
What is the term for accumulation of excess interstitial fluid? Edema
What term describes low blood sodium concentration? Hyponatremia
What term for effusion of fluid into the abdominal cavity? Ascities
What is the percentage of sodium chloride in normal saline? 0.9%
What is another name for dextrose? Glucose
EXTRA OUTSIDE OF, BEYOND
INTRA WITHIN
SEMI PARTIAL, HALF
OSMO OSMOSIS
POLY MANY
O/SIS CONDITION, PROCESS
HYDRO WATER
TOXO POISON
Created by: Jessica Venyke
 

 



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