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Anatomy: Orientation

Anatomical Terms and Body Systems

TermDefinition
Integumentary skin, hair, nails
Skeletal bones, cartilage, ligaments
Muscular skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscles
Nervous brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
Endocrine glands (pancreas, adrenals, pituitary)
Cardiovascular heart, blood vessels
Respiratory lungs, trachea, pharynx
Lymphatic lymph nodes, thymus, spleen
Digestive stomach, intestines, esophagus
Urinary kidneys and bladder
Reproductive testes or ovaries
Anterior (Ventral) toward the front / belly
Posterior (Dorsal) Toward the back
Cranial Toward the head
Caudal Toward the tail
Medial Toward the midline
Lateral Toward the sides
Superficial Near the surface of the body or organ
Deep Toward the center of the body or organ
Superior Above some other body part
Inferior Below some other part
Supine Face up
Prone Face down
Root: Cubit elbow, forearm
Root: Carp- Wrist
Root: Pect- chest, breast
Root: Cervic- neck, cervix
Root: Cephal (o/a)- Head
Root: Ante- Before
Root: Bucc(o/a)- Cheek
Root: Cox(o/a)- Hip
Root: Glut(e/eo)- Buttocks
Root: Axill(o/a)- Armpit
Created by: jphokie05