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A&PI Ch 21 & 22

Organization of the body and Integumentary System

anatomy study of body structures
physiology study of body function
epithelial tissue tissue that cover most body tissue and organs
muscle tissue tissue that is able to contract and relax
nervous tissue `tissue that specializes in sending electrical messages
anatomical position standing upright, facing forward, with arms at side and palms out
proximal close to the point of attachment
distal farthest away from the point of attachment
superficial on the surface
anterior position toward the front
superior above or close to the head
medial closest to mid-line
lateral farthest from the mid-line
abdominal cavity contains mostly digestive organs
pelvic cavity contains mostly reproductive organs
metabolism overall chemical function of the body
carbohydrates primarily used to make energy
lipids stored energy
proteins structural material for building solid body parts
homeostasis relative consistency of a body's internal environment
DNA contains genetic information for the body
epidermis top layer of the skin
dermis true skin
hypodermis mostly adipose tissue
melanin prevents UV light from damaging deep structures of the skin
keratin makes skin water proof
Rule of 9s used to determine extent of a burn
arrector pili muscle attachments that cause good bumps
sebaceous gland oil gland
alopecia hair loss
cellulitis bacterial infection of the skin
herpes simplex virus
pediculosis lice
ABCDE skin cancer warning signs
Created by: jrmayo
Popular Medical sets




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