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LOM Ch. 6

Language of Medicine Ch. 6 additional digestive system terms

definitionterm
dilation (dilatation), widening ectesis; ectesia
vomiting -emesis
digestion -pepsia
eating, swallowing -phagia
surgical repair -plasty
spitting -ptysis
bursting forth (of blood) -rrhage, -rragia
suture -rrhapthy
flow, discharge -rrhea
involuntary contraction of muscles -spasm
stopping, controlling -stasis
narrowing, tightening -stenosis
opening -tresia
tests for the levels of amylase and lipase enzymes in the blood amylase and lipase tests
tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in the blood liver function tests (LFTs)
test for microorganisms present in feces stool culture
test to detect occult (hidden) blood in feces stool guaiac test or Hemoccult test
x-ray images of the colon and rectum after injection of barium into the rectum lower gastrointestinal series (barium enema)
x-ray images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine obtained after administering barium by mouth upper gastrointestinal series
x-ray examination of the biliary system performed after injection of contrast into the bile ducts cholangiography
a series of x-ray images are taken in multiple views (especially cross section) computed tomography (CT)
sound waves into the abdomen produce an image of the abdominal viscera abdominal ultrasonography
use of an endoscope combined with ultrasound to examine the organs of the GI tract endoscopic ultrasonography
magnetic waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
radioactive imaging procedure that tracts the production and flow of blue from the liver and gallbladder to the intestine HIDA scan
reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunem (gastrojejunostomy) gastric bypass or bariatric surger
visual examination of the GI tract using an endoscope gastrointestinal endoscopy
visual (endoscopic) examination of the abdomen with a laparoscope inserted through small incisions in the abdomen laparoscopy
removal of liver tissue for microscopic examination liver biopsy
insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach nasograstric intubation
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen paracentesis (abdominocentesis)
alpha-fetoprotein (tumor marker for liver cancer) AFP
alkaline phosphate alk phos
alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase - enzymes measured to evaluate liver function in the blood ALT,AST
barium enema BE
bowel movement BM
bright red blood per rectum - hematochezia BRBPR
celiac disease CD
computed tomography CT
esophagogastroduodenoscopy EGD
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ERCP
endoscopic ultrasonography EUS
fecal occult blood test FOBT
gastrostomy tube - feeding tube G tube
gallbladder GB
gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD
gastrointestinal GI
hepatitis B virus HBV
inflammatory bowel disease IBD
jejunostomy tube-feeding tube J-tube
laparascopic-assisted colectomy LAC
magnetic resonance imaging MRI
nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (fatty liver) NASH
nasogastric tube NG tube
nothing by mouth (latin nil per os) NPO
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube (feeding tube) PEG tube
percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy tube -feeding tube PEJ tube
percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography PTHC
peptic ulcer disease PUD
total parenteral nutrition TPN
special tube shaped like a T placed in the bile duct for drainage into a small pouch T-tube
Created by: Marshaherrera
 

 



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