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Government Final 1

U.S. Government Final

QuestionAnswer
House of Burgesses The legislative assembly established in the 1640's in Virginia, now known as the General Assembly of Virginia
Declaration of Independence A description of the purpose of government. A list of grievances against the King of England A definition of peoples’ natural rights. Stated that in a democracy, power comes from the people.
National Legislative Branch two-house (bicameral) legislature House of Representatives whose membership was based on the population of a state. Senate whose membership was based on two Senators per state
Why did Federalist agree to add a Bill of Rights to the Constitution? Persuade the Anti-Federalists to accept the Constitution
U.S. Constitution v. Articles of Confederation One difference is that it created a national government having three branches
Differences between the Anti- Federalists and the Federalists Federalists and Anti-Federalist disagreed MOST strongly over the division of powers between the national and state governments.
A major reason why the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution Protect individual liberties from abuse by the federal government
“Father of the Constitution” James Madison
Checks and Balances stop other branches from becoming too powerful
First Amendment Freedom of Speech. Freedom of the Press. Freedom of Religion. Right of the people peaceably to assemble. Petition the government for a redress of grievances.
Where did the Anti-Federalists believe the power was given in the original draft of the Constitution? National Government
Federalists beliefs on the Constitution The development of political factions would prevent any one branch from gaining too much power thus allowing a republic to survive. The checks and balances system was designed to prevent the three branches from acquiring preponderant power.
Last Question cont' A strong national government was necessary to facilitate interstate commerce and to manage foreign trade, national defense, and foreign relations.
Some main areas for which the Constitution provided developing a system of numerous checks and balances between three co-equal branches of government in order to avoid a too powerful central Government.
Last Question cont. 1 Establishing federal law as the Supreme Law of the land while giving states considerable power to govern themselves.
Last Question cont. 2 Placating the Southern states by counting slaves as 3/5's of the population when determining representation in the House of Representatives.!
Election of 1800 The first instance of political power being transferred peacefully from one political party to another.
Veto A power granted to the President in order to prevent passage of legislation.
Judicial Review The Supreme Court can declare a law unconstitutional because of the principle of judicial review.
What court case established Judicial Review Case of Marbury v. Madison
Central idea of democracy The belief that government is derived from the people.
According to the Declaration of Independence, from where should the government derive their legitimacy? governments should derive their legitimacy from the consent of the governed.
One goal of the American Revolution liberty
Know what the 14th, 15th, 19th, and 21st amendments were all about. (2 questions) 14th-defining national citizenship and forbidding the states to restrict the basic rights of citizens or other persons. 15th- granted African American men the right to vote
Last question cont' 19th -granted women the right to vote 21st- repealed 18th amendment on Prohibition
Political Machines A party organization that recruits its members by the use of incentives, including money, jobs, and favors. It is characterized by a high degree of leadership control over member activity.
Reapportionment of the Constitution The Constitution requires reapportionment every 10 years.
The concept in the opening words of the Preamble The opening words of the preamble of the Constitution expresses Popular Sovereignty.
Procedures for a president to be removed from office The house votes for impeachment and the senate conducts a trial and reaches a guilty verdict.
Pocketbook Vote The economy serves as a driving force for many in determining the outcome of certain election.
Last term cont' In good economic times, the party holding the White House normally does well; while in poor times, the opposition party normally does better.
What are the following course cases about? Marbury v. Madison Roe v. Wade Plessy v. Ferguson McCullouch v Maryland a. Plessy v. Ferguson- upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal".
Last question cont' b. Marbury v. Madison- established judicial review c. Roe v. Wade -affirms the legality of a woman's right to have an abortion d. McCullouch v. Maryland-impose taxes on the bank
Cloture Motion Cuts off debate on a bill
Formal qualifications to run for President President- a "natural born Citizen" of the United States, at least thirty-five years of age and a "Resident within the United States" for fourteen years.
How many amendments are in the Constitution today? 27
What are the Bill of Rights? Within the Constitution of the United States, where one might one find the guarantees of certain basic rights.
Double Jeopardy a person cannot be tried twice for the same crime
Refugees v. illegal aliens Refugees- flee to another country to escape persecution or Danger Illegal Aliens- a foreign national who is living without authorization in a country of which they are not a citizen.
Biggest entitlement program Social Security
Magna Carta Established a limited government
Progressive Tax v. Flat Tax Progressive Tax- takes a higher percentage of income from upper income groups than from lower income groups. Flat tax- is a tax system with a constant marginal rate, usually applied to individual or corporate income Tax.
What do Article I, II, and III establish in the Constitution Article I- establishes the Legislative branch of government Article II -establishes the executive branch of government Article III - establishes the judicial branch of government
What did the framers of the Constitution intend to establish? a representative republic
Establishment Clause It prohibits Congress from establishing a state religion
Federalism the division of powers between the levels of government
Steps for an amendment to be adopted Step 1, Two-thirds of both houses of Congress pass a proposed constitutional amendment. This sends the proposed amendment to the states for ratification.
Steps cont' Step 2, Three-fourths of the states (38 states) ratify the proposed amendment, either by their legislatures or special ratifying conventions.
Articles of Confederation There was no Supreme Court. Each state had one vote in Congress. To add Amendments to the Articles of the Confederation, the 13 states had to unanimously agree.
Civic Duty a person has an obligation to participate in governmental/civic affairs(voting)
Jury Duty If you are registered to vote or have a driver's license, you may be called for jury duty to be questioned and possibly serve on a jury. This is one aspect of Civic Duty.
Closed Party v. Open Party Closed- the primary where it requires that voters declare that they are a registered member of the party in order to vote in that primary. Open- An open primary allows any registered voter to cast her ballot in either party's primary.
Who is responsible for forming the boundaries of the US congressional districts? State Legislatures
Created by: KarinaAhumada