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Medical terminology

TermDefinitionWeek #1
Ossification The normal process of bone formation Chapter 3 primary terms
Periosteum Is the tough fibrous tissue that forms the outer most covering of bone Chapter 3 primary terms
Compact bone Is the dense, hard,and very strong bone that forms the protective outer layer of bones Chapter 3 primary terms
Spongy bone Is porous (sponge-like) which makes it lighter and weaker then compact bone Chapter 3 primary terms
medullary cavity Is the central cavity located in the shaft of long bones where it is surrounded by compact bone. Chapter 3 primary terms
Endosteum Is the tissue that lines the medically cavity Chapter 3 primary terms
Hematopoietic Pertaining to the formation of blood cells Chapter 3 primary terms
Cartilage Is the smooth rubbery blue-white connective tissue that acts as a shock absorber between bones Chapter 3 primary terms
articular cartilage Colors the surfaces of bone where they articulate or come together to form joints Chapter 3 primary terms
Meniscus Is the curved fibrous cartilage found in some joints such as the knee and the temporomandibular joint of the jaw Chapter 3 primary terms
Diaphysis Is the shaft of a long bone Chapter 3 primary terms
Epiphyses Are the wider ends of long bones such as the femurs of the legs Chapter 3 primary terms
Foramen Is an opening in a bind through which blood vessels nerves and ligaments pass through the firemen magnum of the occipital bone at the base of the skull Chapter 3 primary terms
Process Is a normal projection on the surface of a bone that most commonly serves as an attachment for a muscle or tendon Chapter 3 primary terms
Joints Place of union between two or more bones Chapter 3 primary terms
Fibrous joints Consisting of inflexible layers of sense connective tissue hold the bones tightly together Chapter 3 primary terms
Fontanelles Also known as soft spots,are normally present on the skull of a newborn Chapter 3 primary terms
Cartilaginous joints Allow only slight movement and consist of bones connected entirely by cartilage Chapter 3 primary terms
Pubic symphysis Allows some movement to facilitate childbirth Chapter 3 primary terms
Synovial joint Is created where two bones articulate to permit a variety of motions Chapter 3 primary terms
Synovial capsule The outermost layer of strong fibrous tissue that resembles a sleeve as it surrounds the joint Chapter 3 primary terms
Synovial membrane Lines the capsule and secretes synovial fluid Chapter 3 primary terms
Synovial fluid Flows within the synovial cavity acts as a lubricant to make the smooth movement of the joint possible Chapter 3 primary terms
Ligaments Are bands of fibrous tissue that form joints by connecting one bone to another bone or by joining a bone to cartilage Chapter 3 primary terms
Bursa Is a fibrous sac that acts as a cushion to ease movement in areas that are subject to friction such as in the shoulder elbow and knew joints where a tendon passes over a bone Chapter 3 primary terms
Axial skeleton Protects the major organs of the nervous respiratory and circulatory systems Chapter 3 primary terms
Appendicular Skelton Makes body movement possible and also protects the organs of digestion excretion and reproduction Chapter 3 primary terms
Skull Consists of the 8 bones that form the cranium 14 bones that form the face and 6 bones in the middle ear Chapter 3 primary terms
Cranium Which is made up of the following 8 bones is the portion of the skull that encloses and protects the brain Chapter 3 primary terms
Frontal bone Is the anterior portion of the cranium that forms the forehead Chapter 3 primary terms
Parietal bones Are two of the largest bones of the skull together they form most of the roof and upper sides of the cranium Chapter 3 primary terms
Occipital bone Forms the back part of the skull and the base of the cranium Chapter 3 primary terms
Temporal bones Form the sides and base of the cranium Chapter 3 primary terms
External auditory meatus Is the opening of the external auditory canal of the outer ear Chapter 3 primary terms
Sphenoid bone Is an irregular wedge-shaped bone at the base of the skull Chapter 3 primary terms
Ethmoid bone Is light spongy bone located at the roof and side of the nose. Here it separates the nasal cavity from the brain and it also forms a portion of each orbit Chapter 3 primary terms
Auditory ossicles Are the three tiny bones located in each middle ear Chapter 3 primary terms
Nasal bones Form the upper part of the bridge of the nose Chapter 3 primary terms
Symptomatic bones Also known as the check bones articulate with the frontal bone that makes up the forhead Chapter 3 primary terms
Maxillary bones Form most of the upper jaw Chapter 3 primary terms
Palatine bones Form the anterior(front) part of the hard palate of the mouth and the floor of the nose Chapter 3 primary terms
Lacrimal bones Make up part of the orbit (socket of the eye) at the inner angel Chapter 3 primary terms
Interior conchae Are the thin scroll-like bones that form part of interior of the nose Chapter 3 primary terms
Vomer bone Forms the base for the nasal septum Chapter 3 primary terms
Mandible Also know as the jaw bone is the only movable bone of the skull Chapter 3 primary terms
Temporomandibular joint Which is commonly know as TMJ Chapter 3 primary terms
Thoracic cavity Also known as Rob cage is the boney structure that protects the heart and lungs Chapter 3 primary terms
Ribs Also known as costals attach posteriorly to the thoracic vertebrate. There is 12 of them Chapter 3 primary terms
Sternum Also known as breast bone is a flare dagger-shaped bone located in the middle of the chest Chapter 3 primary terms
Manubrium Is the honey structure that forms the upper portion of the sternum Chapter 3 primary terms
Body of the sternum Also known as the gladiolus is the honey structure that forms the middle portion of the sternum Chapter 3 primary terms
xiploid process Is the structure made of cartilage that forms the lower portion of the sternum Chapter 3 primary terms
Pectoral girdle Which supports the arms and hands also known has the shoulder girdle Chapter 3 primary terms
Clavicle Also known as the collar bone is a slender bone that connects the manubrium of the sternum to the scapula Chapter 3 primary terms
Acromion Is an extension of the scapula that forms the high point of the shoulder Chapter 3 primary terms
Also I am going to be there in a few minutes before he gets home from work for a little bit of work for the next two years I was going through the door of work on her face when
Created by: Amanda3269