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Anat1 - Intro

(Week 1)

Anatomy The study of the structure of body parts and their relationships to one another.
Physiology The study of the function of the body's structural machinery.
Pathology The study of disease.
Kinesiology The study of movement.
Cytology The study of the cell.
Histology The study of tissues. (microscopic anatomy)
Embryology The study of developmental changes of the body before birth.
What are the five levels of organization? Chemical, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, Organism
The skeletal sytstem is composed of: bone, cartilage, and ligaments
The muscular system is composed of: muscles, tendons, and their attachments
The nervous system is composed of: the brain, spinal column, and nerves
The cardiovascular system is composed of: the heart and blood vessels
The lymphatic system is composed of: red bone marrow, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes, and lymphatic vessels
The respiratory system is composed of: the nasal cavity, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs
The digestive system is composed of: the oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus,and liver.
The urinary system is composed of: kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra
The male reproductive system is composed of: prostate gland, penis, testes, scrotum, and ductus deferens
The female reproductive system is composed of: mammary glands, ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, and vagina
Sagittal plane divides the body into: right and left parts
Frontal or Coronal plane divides the body into: anterior and posterior parts
Transverse or horizontal plane divides the body into: superior and inferior parts
Midsagittal plane: Sagittal plane that lies on the midline.
Name for C1 Atlas
Name for C2 Axis
Superior/Cranial/Rostral Upward or toward the head
Inferior/Caudal downward or away from the head
Anterior/Ventral toward the front of the body
Posterior/Dorsal toward the back of the body
Medial toward the midline
Lateral away from the midline
Intermediate (vs. medial & lateral) between a more medial and lateral structure
Proximal closer to the origin of the body part
Distal farther from the origin of the body part
Superficial toward the body surface
Deep away from the body surface
External situated near or on the outside
Internal situated within or toward the inside
Ipsilateral toward the same side
Contralateral toward the opposite side
Symptomatic with symptoms
Asymptomatic without symptoms
The two types of epithelial membranes are: Mucous & Serous
Mucous membranes line: body cavities that open to the outside
Serous membranes line: body cavities that do not open to the outside and line organs.
The two types of connective tissue membranes are: Synovial & Meninges
Synovial membranes line: joint cavities
Meninges membranes line: the brain and spinal cord
Created by: sdouglass