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Medical Terms

TermDefinition
Abrasion Scrape on the skin from something abrasive
Abscess Collection of pus underneath the skin
Antipyretic Medication used to reduce fever
Acute New, usually rapid onset and of concern, opposite of chronic
Afebrile Without a fever (temp <100.4)
Anterior Located towards the front of the body
Appendicitis Dangerous infection of the appendix
Auscultation Listening to sounds arising within organs (as the lungs)
Benign Normal, of no danger to health
Bradycardia Slow heart rate (<60pm)
Bronchitis Infection of the bronchi (upper airway)
Bronchiolitis Infection of the bronchioles (smaller air tubes)
Catheter Tube inserted into vessels or body cavities to permit injection or withdrawal of fluids ro to keep a passage open
Chronic Long-standing, constant. Opposite of acute
Cellulitis Infection of skin cells
Conjunctivitis Infection of the outer layer of the eye
Dialysis Removing waste from the blood of someone with renal failure
Diaphoresis Sweating
Diffuse Spread out (not localized)
Dyspnea Difficulty breathing
Distal Farther from the trunk of the body
Dysuria Painful urination
Ecchymosis A bruise
-ectomy (suffix) Surgical removal
Edema Swelling
Emesis Vomiting
Epilepsy Seizure disorder
Epistaxis Nose bleed
Erythema Redness
Erythematous Redness
Exudates (tonsillar) Pus-like pockets on the tonsils
Febrile With fever, temp over 100.4
Grossly obviously, a lot, wholy
Hematemesis gross amount of blood in vomit
Hematuria Blood in urine
Hemoptysis Coughing up gross amounts blood
Hemorrhage Excessive or profuse bleeding
Hepatomegaly Enlarged liver
Hernia Protrusion of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it
Hyperlipidemia High cholesterol
Hypertension High blood pressure
Hypotension Low blood pressure
Hypoxia Low o2 sat in body, not enough o2 in blood
ICD-10 System to classify and code diagnoses, symptoms and procedures
Infarct Area of dead tissue after lack of blood supply
Inferior Lower on the body, farther from the head
Ischemia Lack of blood supply
-itis (suffix) Inflammation
Laceration Splitting of the skin due to trauma (sharp cut)
Lateral Farther from the mindline
Lethargic Septic, very sick, about to die
Medial Closer to the midline
Meningitis Dangerous infection of outer lining of brain
Otitis Externa Infection of outer ear (ear canal)
Otitis Media Infection of middle ear (behind ear drum)
Melena Dark, tarry stool
Myalgia Muscular pain, "muscle aches"
Pallor Pale skin
Palpation To examine by touch
Palpitation To beat rapidly, irregularly, or forcibly (heart)
Peritoneal signs Guarding/Rebound/Rigidity PE findings indicate rupture in abd
Pharyngitis Throat infection
Pneumonia Bacterial infection of the lungs
Posterior/Dorsal Rear or backside of the body
Prone Body position lay flat, face down
Proximal Closer to the trunk of the body
Pulmonary Relating to the lungs
Purulence Pus
Purulent Pus like
Rales Wet crackling noise in lungs
Rhinorrhea Clear nasal discharge, runny nose
Rhonchi Rattling noise of mucus in lungs
-scopy (suffix) Viewing with a scope (eg colonoscopy)
Sepsis Dangerous infection of the blood
Sinusitis Infection/inflammation of the nasal sinuses
Small Bowel Obstruction Physical blockage of the small intestine
Streptococcal Pharyngitis Strep throat
Superior Higher on the body, closer to the head
Supine Body position laying face up
Syncope Passing out, LOC or fainting
Tachycardia Fast heart rate HR>100bpm
Trismus Inability to open jaw due to pain
Ulcerations Blisters or open sores
Vertigo Room-spinning dizziness (not light headed)
Wheezing High pitched noise in lungs with asthmatics or lung disease
Tachypnea Increased breathing rate
Created by: phmesa