Save
Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

ch4

musculoskeletal

TermDefinition
-physis growth
oste/o bone
crani/ head, skull
cervic/o neck
spondyl/o vertebra
lumb/o loin, lower back
brachi/o arm
dactyl/o finger
carp/o wrist
cost/o rib
femor/o femur (thighbone)
tibi/o tibia (shinbone)
tars/o ankle
chondr/o cartilage
arthr/o joint
burs/o bursa
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o tendon (connective tissue connecting muscle to bone)
muscul/o, my/o, myos/o muscle
fasci/o fascia (fibrous connective tissue binding muscles together)
ton/o tone, tension
kinesi/o, (also sometimes kinet/o) movement, motion
tax/o arrangement, order, coordination
ankyl/o stiff, bent
nostalgia kaws-TAL-jah rib pain
metatarsalgia meh-tah-tar-SAR-jah pain in the bones of the foot
ostalgia (can also be ostealgia) aws-TAL-jah bone pain
osteodynia aws-tee-oh-DIH-nee-ah bone pain
spondylodynia spawn-dih-loh-DIH-nee-ah vertebra pain
tibialgia tih-bee-AL-ja tibia (shin) pain
ankylosis an-kih-LOH-sis joint stiffness
arthralgia ar-THRAL-jah joint pain
arthrodynia ar-throh-DIH-nee-ah joint pain
cervicodynia sir-vih-koh-DAI-nee-ah neck pain
crepitation kreh-pih-TAY-shun a crackling sound heard in joints (Latin for rattle or creaking)
genu valgum JEH-noo VAL-gum knock-kneed
genu varum JEH-noo VAH-rum bowlegged
bradykinesia bray-dih-kih-NEE-zhah slow movement
dyskinesia dis-kih-NEE-zhah inability to control movement
dystaxia dis-TAK-see-ah poor coordination
dystonia dis-TOH-nee-ah poor muscle tone
graphospasm gra-foh-SPAZM writer's cramp
hyperkinesia hai-per-kih-NEE-zhah increase in muscle movement or activity
hypertonia hai-per-TOH-nee-yah increased muscle tone or tightness
hypokinesia hai-poh-kih-NEE-zhah decrease in muscle movement or activity
hypotonia hai-poh-TOH-nee-yah decrease in muscle tone or tightness
myalgia mai-AL-jah muscle pain
myasthenia mai-as-THEH-nee-ah muscle weakness
myospasm mai-oh-SPAZ-um muscle spasm
myodynia mai-oh-DAI-nee-ah muscle pain
tenalgia ten-AL-jah tendon pain
arthrocentesis ar-throh-sin-TEE-sis puncture of a joint
arthroscope AR-throh-skohp instrument for looking into a joint
arthroscopy ar-THRAW-skoh-pee procedure of looking into a joint
electromyogram eh-lek-troh-MAI-o-gram a record of the electrical activity of a muscle
electromyography eh-LEK-troh-mai-AW-grah-fee procedure for measuring the electrical activity of a muscle
myography mai-AW-grah-fee procedure for studying muscles
arthrogram AR-throh-gram visual record of a joint
arthrography ar-THRAW-grah-fee procedure used to examine a joint
computed axial tomography (CAT or CT) kom-PYOO-ted AK-see-al taw-MAW-grah-fee imaging procedure using a computer to produce cross sections along an axis
kyphosis kai-FOH-sis humped back; abnormal forward curvature of the upper spine
lordosis lor-DOH-sis sway back; abnormal forward curvature of the lower spine
scoliosis SKOH-lee-OH-sis crooked back; abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
carpitis kar-PAI-tis wrist inflammation
craniomalacia kray-nee-oh-mah-LAY-shah softening of the skull
exostosis eks-aws-TOH-sis an abnormal growth of bone out of another bone
fracture FRAK-shur a bone break
osteodystrophy aws-tee-oh-DIH-stroh-fee poor bone development
osteolysis aw-stee-AW-lih-sis bone loss
osteonecrosis aw-stee-oh-nih-KROH-sis death of bone
osteosclerosis aw-stee-oh-skleh-ROH-sis abnormal hardening of bone
polydactyly paw-lee-DAK-tih-lee having more than the normal number of fingers (or toes)
spondylitis spawn-dih-LAH-tis vertebra inflammation
spondylomalacia spawn-dih-loh-mah-LAY-shah softening of the vertebra
syndactyly sin-DAK-tih-lee fusion (sometimes called webbing) of fingers (or toes)
tarsoptosis tar-sawp-TOH-sis flat feet
bursolith BIR-soh-lith a stone in a bursa
effusion ee-FYOO-zhun fluid buildup
hermarthrosis hee-mar-THROH-sis blood in a joint
hydrarthrosis hai-drar-THROH-sis water (fluid) in a joint
pyarthrosis pai-ar-THROH-sis pus in a joint
atrophy A-troh-fee underdevelopment, decrease, or loss of muscle tissue
hypertrophy hai-PER-troh-fee overdevelopment of muscle tissue
myocele MAI-oh-seel hernia of muscle tissue
myolysis mai-AW-lih-sis loss of muscle tissue
myomalacia mai-oh-mah-LAY-shah softening of a muscle
myosclerosis mai-oh-skleh-ROH-sis hardening of a muscle
myotasis mai-AW-tah-sis stretching of a muscle
myotonia mai-oh-TOH-nee-ah muscle tone
Created by: Ecolee
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards