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ch4

musculoskeletal

TermDefinition
-physis growth
oste/o bone
crani/ head, skull
cervic/o neck
spondyl/o vertebra
lumb/o loin, lower back
brachi/o arm
dactyl/o finger
carp/o wrist
cost/o rib
femor/o femur (thighbone)
tibi/o tibia (shinbone)
tars/o ankle
chondr/o cartilage
arthr/o joint
burs/o bursa
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o tendon (connective tissue connecting muscle to bone)
muscul/o, my/o, myos/o muscle
fasci/o fascia (fibrous connective tissue binding muscles together)
ton/o tone, tension
kinesi/o, (also sometimes kinet/o) movement, motion
tax/o arrangement, order, coordination
ankyl/o stiff, bent
nostalgia kaws-TAL-jah rib pain
metatarsalgia meh-tah-tar-SAR-jah pain in the bones of the foot
ostalgia (can also be ostealgia) aws-TAL-jah bone pain
osteodynia aws-tee-oh-DIH-nee-ah bone pain
spondylodynia spawn-dih-loh-DIH-nee-ah vertebra pain
tibialgia tih-bee-AL-ja tibia (shin) pain
ankylosis an-kih-LOH-sis joint stiffness
arthralgia ar-THRAL-jah joint pain
arthrodynia ar-throh-DIH-nee-ah joint pain
cervicodynia sir-vih-koh-DAI-nee-ah neck pain
crepitation kreh-pih-TAY-shun a crackling sound heard in joints (Latin for rattle or creaking)
genu valgum JEH-noo VAL-gum knock-kneed
genu varum JEH-noo VAH-rum bowlegged
bradykinesia bray-dih-kih-NEE-zhah slow movement
dyskinesia dis-kih-NEE-zhah inability to control movement
dystaxia dis-TAK-see-ah poor coordination
dystonia dis-TOH-nee-ah poor muscle tone
graphospasm gra-foh-SPAZM writer's cramp
hyperkinesia hai-per-kih-NEE-zhah increase in muscle movement or activity
hypertonia hai-per-TOH-nee-yah increased muscle tone or tightness
hypokinesia hai-poh-kih-NEE-zhah decrease in muscle movement or activity
hypotonia hai-poh-TOH-nee-yah decrease in muscle tone or tightness
myalgia mai-AL-jah muscle pain
myasthenia mai-as-THEH-nee-ah muscle weakness
myospasm mai-oh-SPAZ-um muscle spasm
myodynia mai-oh-DAI-nee-ah muscle pain
tenalgia ten-AL-jah tendon pain
arthrocentesis ar-throh-sin-TEE-sis puncture of a joint
arthroscope AR-throh-skohp instrument for looking into a joint
arthroscopy ar-THRAW-skoh-pee procedure of looking into a joint
electromyogram eh-lek-troh-MAI-o-gram a record of the electrical activity of a muscle
electromyography eh-LEK-troh-mai-AW-grah-fee procedure for measuring the electrical activity of a muscle
myography mai-AW-grah-fee procedure for studying muscles
arthrogram AR-throh-gram visual record of a joint
arthrography ar-THRAW-grah-fee procedure used to examine a joint
computed axial tomography (CAT or CT) kom-PYOO-ted AK-see-al taw-MAW-grah-fee imaging procedure using a computer to produce cross sections along an axis
kyphosis kai-FOH-sis humped back; abnormal forward curvature of the upper spine
lordosis lor-DOH-sis sway back; abnormal forward curvature of the lower spine
scoliosis SKOH-lee-OH-sis crooked back; abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
carpitis kar-PAI-tis wrist inflammation
craniomalacia kray-nee-oh-mah-LAY-shah softening of the skull
exostosis eks-aws-TOH-sis an abnormal growth of bone out of another bone
fracture FRAK-shur a bone break
osteodystrophy aws-tee-oh-DIH-stroh-fee poor bone development
osteolysis aw-stee-AW-lih-sis bone loss
osteonecrosis aw-stee-oh-nih-KROH-sis death of bone
osteosclerosis aw-stee-oh-skleh-ROH-sis abnormal hardening of bone
polydactyly paw-lee-DAK-tih-lee having more than the normal number of fingers (or toes)
spondylitis spawn-dih-LAH-tis vertebra inflammation
spondylomalacia spawn-dih-loh-mah-LAY-shah softening of the vertebra
syndactyly sin-DAK-tih-lee fusion (sometimes called webbing) of fingers (or toes)
tarsoptosis tar-sawp-TOH-sis flat feet
bursolith BIR-soh-lith a stone in a bursa
effusion ee-FYOO-zhun fluid buildup
hermarthrosis hee-mar-THROH-sis blood in a joint
hydrarthrosis hai-drar-THROH-sis water (fluid) in a joint
pyarthrosis pai-ar-THROH-sis pus in a joint
atrophy A-troh-fee underdevelopment, decrease, or loss of muscle tissue
hypertrophy hai-PER-troh-fee overdevelopment of muscle tissue
myocele MAI-oh-seel hernia of muscle tissue
myolysis mai-AW-lih-sis loss of muscle tissue
myomalacia mai-oh-mah-LAY-shah softening of a muscle
myosclerosis mai-oh-skleh-ROH-sis hardening of a muscle
myotasis mai-AW-tah-sis stretching of a muscle
myotonia mai-oh-TOH-nee-ah muscle tone
Created by: Ecolee