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Appendix 1 Urinary

Medical Terminology Appendix 1 Urinary

TermDefinition
cyst/o urinary bladder
vesic/o urinary bladder
nephr/o kidney
ren/o kidney
pyel/o renal pelvis
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
Albuminuria abnormal condition of protein in the urine
Anuria abnormal condition of no urine production
Dysuria Painful urination
Glycosuria Abnormal condition of glucose in the urine
Hematuria Abnormal condition of blood in the urine
Nephrolithiasis Abnormal condition of stones in the kidney
Renal Failure Condition in which the kidneys stop functioning and do not produce urine
Uremia Condition of high levels of urea in the blood
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) Measures the amount of urea in the blood
Cystoscopy Visual examination of the urinary bladder with a cystoscope
Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder (KUB) X-ray images of the kidneys and urinary tract made without the use of contrast material
Retrograde Pyelogram (RP) Contrast material is injected through a catheter into the urethra and bladder, and x-ray images are taken of the urethra, bladder, and ureters.
Voiding Cystourethrogram (VCUG) X-ray films of the bladder and urethra taken after the bladder is filled with a contrast material and while the patient is expelling the urine. AKA cystogram
Urography X-ray imaging of the urinary tract after injection of contrast material; pyelography
Hemodialysis (HD) Waste materials are separated from the blood by a machine
Peritoneal Dialysis An intra-abdominal catheter delivers special fluid into the abdominal cavity. After several hours, the fluid containing waste materials that have seeped into it from the blood is drained
Lithotripsy Shock waves are beamed into a patient to crush urinary tract stones. The stone fragments then pass out of the body with urine. AKA extra-corporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
Renal Transplantation A donor kidney is transferred to a recipient, whose kidneys have both failed
Urinary Catheterization A catheter is passed through the urethra and into the urinary bladder for short-term or long-term drainage of urine
ARF Acute Renal Failure
BUN Blood Urea Nitrogen
CAPD Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis
CKD Chronic Kidney Disease
GFR Glomerular Filtration Rate
HD Hemodialysis
KUB Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder
RP Retrograde Pyelogram
UA Urinalysis
UTI Urinary Tract Infection
VCUG Voiding Cystourethrogram
Created by: amcdoulett