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Appendix 1 Nerves

Medical Terminology Appendix 1 Nerves

TermDefinition
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum
encephal/o brain
medull/o medulla oblongata
myel/o spinal cord
neur/o nerve
Alzheimer Disease Brain disorder marked by deterioration of mental capacity
Cerebrovascular Accident Damage to the blood vessels of the cerebrum, leading to loss of blood supply to brain tissue; a stroke
Concussion Traumatic brain injury that can cause bruising, damage to blood vessels, and injury to nerves.
Epilepsy Chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizures
Glioblastoma Malignant brain tumor arising from glial cells. BLAST means immature
Hemiplegia Paralysis that affects that right or the left half of the body
Meningitis Inflammation of the meninges (membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord)
Multiple Sclerosis Destruction of the myelin sheath on nerve cells in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), with replacement by plaques of sclerotic tissue.
Paraplegia Paralysis that affects the lower portion of the body.
Syncope Fainting; sudden and temporary loss of consciousness as a result of inadequate flow of blood to the brain
Cerebral Angiography X-ray imaging of the blood vessels in the brain after the injection of contrast material into an artery
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis Chemical test, cell counts, cultures, and bacterial smears on samples of CSF to detect diseases of the brain or meninges.
Computed Tomography (CT) scan Cross-sectional x-ray images of the brain and spinal cord
Electroencephalography (EEG) Recording of the electrical activity within the brain
Lumbar Puncture (LP) Introduction of hollow needle into a space surrounding the spinal cord to withdraw cerebrospinal fluid for analysis
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Magnetic waves and radiofrequency waves are used to create images of the brain and spinal cord
Positron emission tomography (PET) scan Uptake of radioactive material into the brain shows how the brain uses glucose and gives information about the brain function
Stereotactic radiosurgery Nonsurgical type of radiation therapy used to treat abnormalities and small tumors of the brain. also known as Cyberknife
Transcutaneous elecrical nerve stimulator (TENS) A battery-powered device delivers stimulation to nerves to relieve acute and chronic pain
AD Alzheimer Disease
CNS Central Nervous System
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
CVA Cerebrovascular Accident (stroke)
EEG Electroencephalography
LP Lumbar Puncture
MS Multiple Sclerosis
TENS Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TIA Transient Ischemic Attack (mini stroke)
Created by: amcdoulett