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Appendix 1 Nerves
Medical Terminology Appendix 1 Nerves
|Brain disorder marked by deterioration of mental capacity
|Damage to the blood vessels of the cerebrum, leading to loss of blood supply to brain tissue; a stroke
|Traumatic brain injury that can cause bruising, damage to blood vessels, and injury to nerves.
|Chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizures
|Malignant brain tumor arising from glial cells. BLAST means immature
|Paralysis that affects that right or the left half of the body
|Inflammation of the meninges (membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord)
|Destruction of the myelin sheath on nerve cells in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), with replacement by plaques of sclerotic tissue.
|Paralysis that affects the lower portion of the body.
|Fainting; sudden and temporary loss of consciousness as a result of inadequate flow of blood to the brain
|X-ray imaging of the blood vessels in the brain after the injection of contrast material into an artery
|Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis
|Chemical test, cell counts, cultures, and bacterial smears on samples of CSF to detect diseases of the brain or meninges.
|Computed Tomography (CT) scan
|Cross-sectional x-ray images of the brain and spinal cord
|Recording of the electrical activity within the brain
|Lumbar Puncture (LP)
|Introduction of hollow needle into a space surrounding the spinal cord to withdraw cerebrospinal fluid for analysis
|Magnetic Resonance Imaging
|Magnetic waves and radiofrequency waves are used to create images of the brain and spinal cord
|Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
|Uptake of radioactive material into the brain shows how the brain uses glucose and gives information about the brain function
|Nonsurgical type of radiation therapy used to treat abnormalities and small tumors of the brain. also known as Cyberknife
|Transcutaneous elecrical nerve stimulator (TENS)
|A battery-powered device delivers stimulation to nerves to relieve acute and chronic pain
|Central Nervous System
|Cerebrovascular Accident (stroke)
|Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
|Transient Ischemic Attack (mini stroke)