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Skin system

macule, macula (freckle) small, flat, discolored area Latin for spot or stain
patch (vitiligo) larger, flat, discolored area
papule PA-pyool a small solid mass Latin for pimple
plaque PLAK a solid mass on the surface of the skin
nodule a solid mass that extends deeper into the skin
tumor a larger solid mass
vesicle a smaller blister
bulla Latin for bubbled
pustule a pus-filled blister
abscess a localized collection of pus in the body
erosion loss of skin
ulcer a sore
excoriation eks-lor-ee-A-shun a scratch
fissure a crack in the skin
scale skin flaking off
crust a dried substance on the skin (blood or pus)
vascular lesion wounds related to blood vessels
cherry angioma a small blood vessel tumor
telangiectasia tel-an-jee-ek-TAY-zhuh (spider angioma) the overexpansion of the end of a blood vessel, sometimes called a spider angioma bc of how it looks on the skin
petechia puh-TEE-kee-yah a small bruise
ecchymosis eh-kih-MOH-sis a larger bruise
cicatrix SIK-ah-triks (plural:cicatrices) scar
keloid overgrowth of scar tissue
epidermal tumors tumors on the skin
Neves NEE-vus mole
dysplastic nevus a mole with bad changes/ formations (often precancerous)
verruca vah-ROO-kah wart
culture and sensitivity (C&S) growing microorganism in isolation in order to determine which drugs they might respond to
biopsy (Bx) removal of tissue in order to examine it (w/your own 2 eyes)
excisional biopsy removal of an entire lesion for examination (to cut it out)
incisional biopsy removal of a portion of a lesion for examination (to cut into it)
dermatoscope instrument used to look at the skin
dermoscopy procedure for looking at the skin
adipocele a-dih-poh-SEEL a hernia filled with fatty tissue
dermatofibroma der-MA-toh-fai-BROH-mah a fibrous skin tumor
erythrocyanosis eh-RITH-roh-sai-an-OH-sis a red and/or blue discoloration of the skin
Created by: Ecolee



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