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Appendix 1 Resp.

Appendix 1 Body Systems: Respiratory System

TermDefinition
adenoid/o adenoid
alveol/o alveoli (air sacs)
bronch/o bronchial tubes
bronchiol/o bronchiole
cyan/o blue
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx
nas/o nose
rhin/o nose
pharyng/o pharynx
phren/o diaphargm
pneumon/o lung
pulmon/o lung
tonsill/o tonsils
trache/o trachea
Asphyxia deficiency of oxygen in the blood and increase in carbon dioxide in blood and tissues. Major sign is a complete absence of breathing, leading to loss of consciousness or death
Asthma spasm and narrowing of bronchi, leading to bronchial airway obstruction
Atelectasis collapsed lung
Emphysema Hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls.
Hemoptysis Spitting up of blood
Hemothorax Blood from the respiratory tract in the pleural cavity
Pneumonia Abnormal condition of the lungs marked by inflammation and collected of infected material in air sacs
Tuberculosis Infectious and inflammatory disease caused by bacteria.
Bronchoscopy Visual examination of the bronchial tubes
Chest x-ray film X-ray image of the chest
Computed Tomography Scan cross-sectional x-ray images of the chest
laryngoscopy visual examination of the larynx via the placement of a flexible tube through the nose or mouth and into the larynx
magnetic resonance imaging magnetic waves and radio-frequency waves create images of the chest in three planes of the body.
pulmonary angiography x-ray images are taken of the blood vessels in the lung after injection of contrast in to a blood vessel.
pulmonary function test measurement of the ventilation of the lungs
spirometer measures the air taken into and breathed out of the lungs
sputum test examination of mucus coughed up from a patient's lungs to detect infection
tuberculin test agents are applied to the skin with puncture or injection and the reaction is noted
ventilation perfusion scan a nuclear medicine test that uses radioactive material to examine airflow and blood flow in the lungs
endotracheal intubation tube is placed through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish an airway during surgery and for placement on a respirator
thoracentesis needle is inserted through the skin between the ribs and into the pleural space to drain a pleural effusion
thoracotomy incision of the chest to remove a lung or a portion of a lung
tracheostomy creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck and the insertion of a tube to create an airway
ABG Arterial Blood Gas
ARDS Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
CO2 Carbon Dioxide
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
CPR Cardiopulmonary Arrest
CXR Chest x-ray
O2 Oxygen
MDI Metered Dose Inhaler
PE Pulmonary Embolism
PEEP Positive End-Expiratory Pressure
PFT Pulmonary Function Test
SOB Shortness of Breath
URI Upper Respiratory Infection
VATS Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery
VQ Ventilation-Perfusion Scan
Created by: amcdoulett