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BSC2085 - Quiz 1

Anatomy - Maser

NameDescription
Anatomy study of the structure of the human body
Physiology study of the functions of the human body
Macroscopic (Gross) regional, systemic, surface
Regional Anatomy study as it relates to regions
Systemic Anatomy study as it relates to body systems
Surface Anatomy study of internal organs as they relate to overlying skin
Microscopic cytology, histology
Cytology study of cells
Histology study of tissues
Developmental Anatomy study of changes from conception to old age
Embryology study of development before birth
Renal Physiology study of the kidneys
Neurophysiology study of the nerves
Cardiovascular Physiology study of the heart and blood vessels
Complementarity of Structure & Function what a structure can do depends on its form
Atoms building-block parties
Molecules combination of atoms to form new substances
Cells smalles living units (w/ organelles)
Organelles "organs" within a cell
Tissue group of similar cells with common function
Organ structure of two or more tissues
Organ System organs which cooperate for common purpose
Organism total of all structural levels together
Inderdependence no system is isolated
Boundaries internal and external environment
Smooth muscle material thru internal organs
Peristalsis contractions of smooth muscles
Skeletal muscle external body and parts
Cardiac muscle heart
Responsiveness irritability to changes in environment
Stimuli changes in environment
Digestion food turns into simple molecules
Metabolism all chemical reactions
Anabolic contructive/build up
Catabolic destructive/break down
Reproduction in cells asexual - identical
Reproduction in organisms sexual - not identical
Asexual identical
Sexual not identical
Growth size increase
Nutrient chemicals for energy/build cells
Oxygen for aerobic reactions; relaese energy from food
Water fluid environment for chemical reactions; make secretions and excretions
Secretions bodily fluids release by organs
Excretion bodily waste release by body
Body temperature 98F/37C
Metabolic reactions within narrow temperature margin
Atmospheric Pressure weight of air and pressure on body surface; affects gas exchange in lungs
Atmosphere 78% Nitrogen/ 21% Oxygen
Homeostasis stable conditions
Dynamic State of Equilibrium balance with changes within narrow limits
Communication Systems nerves and endocrine system
Receptor senses environment; sends information to control center; afferent path
Afferent path from receptor to control center
Control center brain; determines response
Effector produces response; information to effector; efferent path
Efferent path from control center to effector
Created by: NknmJewel