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ARTICULATIONS

This study stack comes from Chapter 10 of the Lab Manual: Articulations

QuestionAnswer
ARTHROLOGY The study of joints
ARTICULATIONS The place where two or more bones come together to produce movement.
THREE MAJOR KINDS OF JOINTS Fibrous joints, Cartilaginous joints, Synovial joints
MAJOR TYPE OF JOINT THAT CONNECTS ONE BONE TO ANOTHER WITH COLLAGENOUS FIBERS AND THAT DOES NOT ALLOW FOR MUCH, IF ANY, MOVEMENT BETWEEN THE BONES Fibrous Joints
A TYPE OF FIBROUS JOINT THAT OCCURS BETWEEN ADJACENT BONES IN THE CRANIUM Suture
THE NAME OF THE JOINT THAT FORMS AS A RESULT OF THE COMPLETE FUSION OF TWO BONES SUCH AS WHAT OCCURS IN THE SUTURES AS A PERSON AGES Synostosis
TYPE OF FIBROUS JOINT CALLED "A PEG IN A SOCKET" --- EXAMPLE: THE SOCKETS FOR YOUR TEETH IN BOTH YOUR MAXILLA AND YOUR MANDIBLE Gomphosis
A FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE (LIGAMENT) THAT TIGHTLY HOLDS A TOOTH IN ITS SOCKET Periodontal
THE TYPE OF FIBROUS JOINT FOUND BETWEEN THE DISTAL END OF THE RADIUS AND THE ULNA Syndesmosis
THE MEMBRANOUS "SOFT SPOTS" IN AN INFANTS SKULL WHICH WILL EVENTUALLY FORM SUTURES. Fontanels
TWO FUNCTIONS OF THE FONTANELS i.e. SOFT SPOTS Allow for compression of the skull during birth & allow for further expansion of the skull after birth.
NAME THE FOUR KINDS OF FONTANELS Frontal (anterior) fontanel, Occipital (posterior) fontanel, Sphenoidal (anterolateral) fontanel, Mastoid (posterolateral) fontanel
MAJOR TYPE OF JOINT WHICH IS HELD TOGETHER BY CARTILAGE Cartilagenous Joints
ANOTHER NAME FOR A CARTILAGINOUS JOINT WHOSE BONES ARE HELD TOGETHER BY HYALINE CARTILAGE Synchondrosis
NAME TWO EXAMPLES OF THE CARTILAGINOUS JOINTS CALLED SYNCHONDROSES ONE OF WHICH IS IMMOVABLE AND THE OTHER WHICH IS SLIGHTLY MOVABLE. Epiphyseal disks (immovable) & Costal Cartilages (between the ribs and sternum) [slightly movable]
THE NAME OF THE MEMBRANE THAT FORMS THE RADIOULNAR SYNDESMOSIS Interossous membrane
THE TYPE OF CARTILAGINOUS JOINT WHOSE BONES ARE HELD TOGETHER WITH FIBROCARTILAGE Symphysis
THE KIND OF JOINT THAT IS FOUND BETWEEN THE TWO PUBIC BONES, BETWEEN THE VERTEBRAE, AND BETWEEN THE BONES OF THE STERNUM. Symphysis
THE MAJOR TYPE OF JOINT THAT ALLOWS FOR EXTENSIVE MOVEMENT AND THAT FORMS A JOINT CAPSULE AROUND THE BONES OF THE JOINT Synovial joint
TRUE OR FALSE: THE MORE MOVABLE A JOINT IS, THE MORE STABLE THE JOINT IS. False
NAME THE TWO PARTS OF THE JOINT CAPSULE Fibrous capsule (outer part) and the Synovial Membrane (inner part)
THE NAME OF THE LUBRICATING FLUID FOUND WITHIN A JOINT CAPSULE WHICH REDUCES FRICTION BETWEEN THE BONES IN THE CAPSULE Synovial fluid
THE SPACE INSIDE THE JOINT CAPSULE OF A SYNOVIAL JOINT Synovial cavity
THE FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUES THAT HOLD BONE TO BONE IN A JOINT Ligaments
THE NAME OF THE HYALINE CARTILAGE "CAP" ON THE END OF EACH BONE MAKING UP THE JOINT CAPSULE Articular Cartilage
SMALL SYNOVIAL SACS BETWEEN TENDONS AND BONES OR OTHER STRUCTURES IN A SYNOVIAL JOINT Bursae
MODIFIED SYNOVIAL STRUCTURES THAT ENCIRCLE TENDONS THAT PASS THROUGH THE PALM OF THE HAND AND THAT LUBRICATE THE TENDONS AS THEY SLIDE PAST ONE ANOTHER Tendon sheaths
JOINTS ARE CLASSIFIED BY MOVEMENT. NAME THE THREE TYPES OF JOINTS CLASSIFIED THIS WAY AND STATE IF EACH IS MOVABLE, SEMIMOVABLE, OR IMMOVABLE. Synarthrotic joints -- immovable: Amphiarthrotic joints --- slightly movable; Diarthrotic joints --- freely movable
NAME THE SIX TYPES OF SYNARTHRODIAL JOINTS Ball and Socket, Pivot, Saddle, Ellipsoidal, Hinge, Pivot, Gliding
NAME THE DIARTHRODIAL JOINTS THAT IS UNIAXIAL AND THAT IS FOUND BETWEEN THE FLAT SURFACES OF TWO BONES Gliding
NAME THE DIARTHRODIAL JOINT THAT FORMS BETWEEN ADJACENT VERTEBRAE AND BETWEEN THE CARPALS AND TARSALS Gliding
NAME THE TYPE OF DIARTHRODIAL JOINT THAT FORMS BETWEEN THE PHALANGES AND THAT FORMS THE KNEE AND ELBOW JOINTS Hinge
NAME THREE KINDS OF UNIAXIAL JOINTS Hinge, Pivot, Gliding
NAME THE TYPE OF DIARTHRODIAL JOINTS THAT ALLOWS FOR ROTATION. Pivot
THIS IS THE TYPE OF DIARTHRODIAL JOINT THAT FORMS BETWEEN THE ATLAS AND THE ODONTOID PROCESS OF THE AXIS AND BETWEEN THE PROXIMAL ENDS OF THE RADIUS AND ULNA Pivot
THE END OF ONE BONE IS CONVEX AND THE END OF THE OTHER BONE THAT FORMS THIS TYPE OF DIARTHRODIAL JOINT IS CONVEX Ellipsoidal Joint
THIS IS THE TYPE OF JOINT THAT FORMS BETWEEN THE ATLAS AND OCCIPITAL BONE OF THE SKULL AS WELL AS THE TYPE OF JOINT THAT FORMS BETWEEN THE METACARPALS AND THE PHALANGES OF DIGITS 2 - 5. Ellipsoidal
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE JOINT THAT FORMS BETWEN THE THUMB AND THE FIRST METACARPAL? Saddle
THIS IS THE MOST FREELY MOVABLE OF ALL THE DIARTHRODIAL JOINTS BUT IT IS ALSO THE LEAST STABLE. Ball and Socket
NAME TWO LOCATIONS FOR BALL AND SOCKET JOINTS Knee Joint and Sholder Joint
ANOTHER NAME FOR A FREELY MOVABLE JOINT Diarthrodial
ANOTHER NAME FOR A SLIGHTLY MOVABLE JOINT Amphiarthrodial
ANOTHER NAME FOR AN IMMOVABLE JOINT Synathrodial
WHAT TYPES OF DIARTHRODIAL JOINTS ARE UNIAXIAL? Hinge, Pivot, Gliding
WHAT TYPES OF DIARTHRODIAL JOINTS ARE BIAXIAL? Ellipsoidal and Saddle
WHAT TYPE OF DIARTHRODIAL JOINT IS MULTIAXIAL? Ball and Socket
Created by: pstiles