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Disorders of Brain

Disorders of the Brain

TermDefinition
Hydrocephalus an abnormal accumulation of CSF within the brain.
CVA (cerebrovascular accident) most common brain disorder, cause is a blood clot that blocks blood flow to an area of brain tissue.
Aphasia a loss or defect in language communication.
Cerebral palsy a disorder caused by brain damage occurring before or during the birth process.
Epilepsy syndromes associated with recurrent seizures.
Subdural & epidural hematomas bleeding between the dura mater and the skull (epidural); a tear in the wall of a dural sinus (subdural)
Concussion a transient alteration in brain function resulting from head trauma.
Alzheimer's disease a brain disorder resulting from an unexplained degeneration of the cerebral cortex and the hippocampus of the limbic system.
Multi-infarct dementia represents the accumulation of brain damage resulting from chronic ischemia (lack of blood supply)
Parkinson disease is a progressive neurologic condition characterized by tremors, rigidity of limbs and joints, and slow movement.
Bell's palsy a partial facial paralysis caused by inflammation of one of the two facial nerves
Trigeminal neuralgia a severe spasmodic pain affecting the fifth cranial nerve
Created by: Jessica Venyke