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The Brain

Organization of the Brain

Cerebrum Largest and most superior portion of the brain, divided into 2 hemispheres, each subdivided into lopes; Cortex (outer layer) is for memory, thought, reasoning, perception
Diencephalon Between the cerebrum and the brain stem; contains the thalamus (sorts and redirects sensory input) and hypothalamus (maintains homeostasis) controls ANS and pituitary gland
Brain stem anterior region below the cerebrum, connects cerebrum and diencephalon with spinal cord.
Midbrain Below the center of the cerebrum, has reflex centers concerned with vision and hearing, connects cerebrum with lower portions of the brain
Pons Anterior to the cerebellum, connects cerebellum with other portions of the brain, helps regulate respiration
Medulla Oblongata Between the pons and the spinal cord, links the brain with the spinal cord, controls respiration and heartbeat
Cerebellum Below the posterior portion of the cerebrum, divided into 2 hemispheres, coordinates voluntary muscles, and maintains balance and muscle tone
Created by: Jessica Venyke



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