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fibrous adjoining bones connected by dense fibrous connective tissue; NO joint cavity, mainly synarthrosis
cartilaginous adjoining bones united by cartilage NO joint cavity amphiarthrosis
synovial adjoining bones covered in articular cartilage; separated by a joint cavity and enclosed in an articular capsule; diarthrosis
immovable joints What does synarthroses mean?
slightly movable joints What does amphiarthroses mean?
freely movable joints What does diarthroses mean?
Synovial joints Articulating bone ends are separated by a joint cavity containing synovial fluid
diarthroses or freely moving All synovial joints are.....
synovial Most joints in the body are .....
joint cavity A space between the articulating bones that contains a small amount of synovial fluid
articular cartilage hyaline cartilage that covers the surfaces of the bones forming the joint
articular capsule two layers that enclose the joint cavity; 2 layers
synovial fluid viscous fluid, egg whites, located in joint cavity & articular cartilage; lubricant reduce friction
reinforcing ligaments help support joints
capsular ligaments thickenings of the fibrous layer of the articular capsule
extracapsular found outside the articular capsule
intracapsular ligaments found within the articular capsule
nerves & blood vessels sensory fibers detect pain and joint stretching; supply synovial membrane
articular discs pads composed of fibrocartilage minimizes wear and tear on bone surfaces
plane nonaxial; gliding
hinge unixial; flexion & extension
pivot unixial; rotation
condylar & saddle biaxial; flexion, extension, adduction, abduction (2)
ball and socket multiaxial; flexion, extension, adduction, abduction & rotation
origin stationary immovable, less movable bone
insertion more movable bone
Created by: ellyeaton



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