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Ch 9 Word Anatomy

Medical terms for the Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves

TermDefinition
auto self
lemma sheath
neuri nerve, nervous tissue
Oligo few, deficiency
soma body
de remove
post after
re again, back
hemi half
myelo spinal cord
para beyond
plegia paralysis
tetra four
The autonomic nervous system is automatically controlled and is involuntary. auto
The neurilemma is the outer membrane of the myelin sheath around an axon. lemma
The neurilemma is the outer membrane of the myelin sheath around an axon. neuri
An oligodendrocyte has few dendrites. oligo
The somatic nervous system controls skeletal muscles that move the body. soma
Depolarization removes the charge on the plasma membrane of a cell. de
The postsynaptic cell is located after the synapse and receives neurotransmitter from the presynaptic cell. post
Repolorization restores the charge on the plasma membrane of a cell. re
Hemiplegia is paralysis of one side of the body. hemi
Poliomyelitis is an infectious disease that involves the spinal cord and other parts of the CNS. myelo
Paraplegia is paralysis of both lower limbs. para
Monoplegia is paralysis of one limb. plegia
Tetraplegia is paralysis of all four limbs. tetra
Created by: Jessica Venyke