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Study questions

What is a membrane? A lining
What are epithelial membranes? mucous, serous, cutaneous
Lines cavities open to the environment Mucous membrane
Lines cavities not open to the environment Serous membrane
Form Skin Cutaneous membrane
What is the main function of the integumentary system? Protection
Anatomy of the skin? Epidermis, dermis, hypodermis(subcutaneous)
5 layers of the epidermis? (Big Sexy Guys Like Chocolate) Stratum basale, Stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum, stratum lucidum, stratum corneum
Produce Keratin Keratinocytes
Keratin A tough protein found in the skin, hair, and nails
Melanocytes cells that produce the pigment melanin
Dermis Dense, fibrous connective tissue
Hypodermis Fibrous connective tissue
Sudoriferous Glands are also called sweat glands
Sebaceous glands are also known as.. oil glands
How much does skin weigh? About 9 pounds
What makes up the integumentary system? Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and oil glands
Epidermis Avascular, and made up of epithelial tissue
Sebum Substance secreted by oil glands
Only epidermis is damaged, localized redness, swelling, heals within 1-2 days, no special treatment 1st degree burn
injury to the epidermis and the upper region of the dermis , localized redness and swelling, blisters. skin regeneration will occur wit little to no scarring within 3-4 weeks, IF no infection is involved. 2nd degree burn
Consumes the entire thickness of skin," Full thickness" burns, gray/white appearance, little to no swelling, nerve endings have been destroyed, skin regeneration may occur but usually skin grafting is needed. 3rd degree burn
Basal Cell Carcinoma Least malignant, most common, looks shiny, raised areas later develop into an ulcer and grow slow
Squamous Cell Carcinoma Looks scaly, dry and reddened, rapid growth, speed to lymph nodes if they are not removed, if caught early enough there might be a cure
Malignant Melanoma Cancer of melanocytes, not as common, more deadly, can appear anywhere, appear spontaneously, usually brown or black
Created by: hannawolford02



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