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Nervous system

TermDefinition
Cerebell/o Cerebellum
Cerebr/o Cerebrum
Dur/o Dura mater
Encephal/o Brain
Gli/o Glial cells
Lept/o Thin, slender
Mening/o Meningi/o Membranes, meninges
My/o Muscle
Myel/o Spinal cord (means bone marrow in other contexts)
Neur/o Nerve
Pont/o Pons
Radicul/o Nerve root(of spinal nerves)
Thalam/o Thalamus
Thec/o Sheath (refers to the meninges)
Vag/o Vagus nerves (10th cranial nerve)
Alges/o, -algesia Excessive sensitivity to pain
-algia Pain
Caus/o Burning
Comat/o Deep sleep (coma)
Esthesi/o, -esthesia Feeling, nervous sensation
Kines/o, kinesi/o -kinesia, -kinesis, -kinetic Movement
-lepsy Seizure
Lex/o Word, phrase
-paresis Weakness
-phasia Speech
-plegia Paralysis (loss or impairment of the ability to move parts of the body)
-praxia Action
-sthenia Strength
Syncop/o To cut off,cut short
Tax/o Order, coordination
Part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance: cerebellum
Part of the nerve cell that first receives the nervous impulse is the dendrite
Elevated portions of the cerebral cortex: gyri
A network of interlacing nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system (PNS): plexus
Portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water balance, and body temperature: hypothalamus
Part of the brain that controls breathing, heartbeat, and the size of blood vessels: medulla oblongata
Collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord: cauda equina
X-ray record (image) of the spinal cord: myelogram
Collection of blood within the meningeal layers: subdural hematoma
Abnormal sensation of tingling or pricking paresthesia
Pertaining to muscles and nerves: myoneural
Created by: sfa106224