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Integumentary System

Disorders

TermDefinition
Cellulits Bacterial infection that causes redness, swelling, warmth, and pain
Pemphigus Autoimmune disorder that causes sores or blisters in skin or mucous membranes
Psoriasis Autoimmune disorder that causes T cells to attack skin cells and makes skin cells build up into rough, scaly, dry patches
Shingles After someone has had chickenpox, the virus stays and can redevelop later in life
Basal Cell Carcinoma Least malignant but most common skin cancer; White or pink waxy transparent lumps or brown scaly patches on face or neck
Malignant Melanoma Fifth most common cancer in the US; Most dangerous due to being highly metastatic and resistant to chemotherapy; Develops from an overproduction of melanocytes usually starting from moles
Chicken Pox Contagious virus that causes ulcers, red spots, blisters, and scabs
Eczema Condition that makes your skin red and itchy; Thought to be linked to an over reactive immune system
Impetigo Inflammatory skin bacterial infection that causes a weeping spot that dries to a distinct honey-colored crust; Red rashes, blisters; ulcers
Rubella Contagious virus that causes fever, malaise, red rashes, eye redness, and a runny nose
Urticaria Bacterial infection that causes hives (itchy, burning, and stinging) that appear anywhere on the body
Scabies Microscopic mite burrows into upper layer of skin, where it lives and lays eggs; Causes intense itching and thin irregular burrow tracks of blisters and bumps
Impetiginized Eczema Bacterial infection in someone with eczema that causes impetigo over regular rashes
First Degree Burn Burning of epidermis that causes red skin, minor inflammation, and peeling skin as it heals
Measles Bacterial infection that causes inflamed eyes, sore throat, and red blotchy rashes
Alopecia Autoimmune disorder that causes hair loss in patches, the whole head, or the entire body
Third Degree Burn Burning of epidermis, dermis, and tissue so muscle is exposed that causes dry and leathery skin and extreme swelling, though no pain because the nerve endings are destroyed
Squamous Cell Carcinoma Second most common form of skin cancer that develops in the squamous cells and causes red nodules and flat sores with scaly crust
Lichen Sclerosis Uncommon condition that creates patchy white skin in genitals and anal areas that appears thinner than normal
Napkin Dermatitis (aka Diaper Rash) Caused by babies' limbs rubbing against over-hydrated skin that then forms a rash
Rosacea Reaction to certain stimuli (like alcohol or cosmetic problems) that causes redness, visible blood vessels, small pus-filled bumps, enlarged nose
Warts Viral infection that causes cells to rapidly grow on top layer of skin to form callus like bumps that are pink or red in color
Second Degree Burn Burning of the epidermis and dermis that causes blisters, deep redness, and painful to the touch skin
Skin Cancer Affects 1 in 5 Americans,
ABCDE Rule for Skin Cancer Assymmetry, Border irregularity, Color, Diameter, Elevation
Burns Tissue damage caused by heat, electricity, radiation, or chemicals; Main threat is loss of fluids so treatment is to replace fluids via an IV
Rule of Nines Used in estimating extent of burns; Divides body into 11 areas with each making up 9% except genitals which are 1%
Critical Burn More than 25% of body with 2nd degree burn; More than 10% of body with third degree burn; Third degree burn on face, hands, or feet
Blister Separation of epidermal and dermal layers
Bed Sores Condition when blood flow is restricted to cells which causes skin cells to die and form ulcers
Freckles/Moles Local accumulations of melanin
Bruises Blood clots under the skin causing pain to the touch and discoloration of skin
Whitehead Blocked sebaceous gland
Blackhead Sebum oxidized and dried over sebaceous gland
Acne Active inflammation of sebaceous glands caused by bacterial infection
Created by: Allofakind