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Muscle disorders

Disorders of the muscles

TermDefinition
Spasm sudden and involuntary muscular contraction
Colic a spasm of the visceral muscles
Seizure spams occurring in a series
Strain overstretching of a muscle
Sprain a stretching or tearing of ligaments
Atony muscle has lost strength
Atrophy muscle has wasted away
Hypertrophy excessive enlargement of a muscle
Muscular dystrophy deterioration of muscles that still have intact nerve function
Myasthenia gravis chronic muscular fatigue
Myalgia muscular pain
Pstosis drooping upper eyelid
Myositis inflammation of muscle tissue
Fibrositis inflammation of connective tissue
Fibromyalgia syndrome widespread muscle aches, tenderness, stiffness
Bursitis (student's elbow) inflammation of the bursae
Olecranon bursitis swelling, redness, and pain at the tip of the elbow
Ischial bursitis is an inflammation of the fluid-filled sac, or bursa that lies between the ischial tuberosity (the lower part of the V-shaped bone that helps form the pelvis) and the tendon that attaches the hamstring muscle to the bone
Prepatellar bursitis is an inflammation of the bursa in the front of the kneecap (patella).
Subdeltoid bursitis is a common cause of shoulder pain that is usually related to shoulder impingement of your bursa between your rotator cuff tendons and bone (acromion).
Subacromial bursitis is a condition caused by inflammation of the bursa that separates the superior surface of the supraspinatus tendon from the overlying coraco-acromial ligament, acromion, and coracoid (the acromial arch) and from the deep surface of the deltoid muscle.
Bunions inflammation of the bursae of the toe.
Tendonitis A condition in which the tissue connecting muscle to bone becomes inflamed.
Tenosynovitis Inflammation of the tendon sheath where muscle connects to bone.
Shin-splints Pain caused by overuse along the shinbone (tibia), the large front bone in the lower leg.
Carpal tunnel syndrome A numbness and tingling in the hand and arm caused by a pinched nerve in the wrist.
Charley horse A sudden, involuntary contraction of one or more muscles (cramp), often in the legs.
Torticollis (wry neck) A rare condition in which the neck muscles contract, causing the head to twist to one side.
Multiple sclerosis A disease in which the immune system eats away at the protective covering of nerves.
Created by: Jessica Venyke
 

 



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