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21 a n p

Chapter 21 Test flash cards

# of bones in the adult skeleton? 206
Women build bones until what age? 35
What % of bone is lost after the age of 35? 1%
The ends of a developing bone? Epiphysis
The shaft of a long bone? Diaphysis
Membrane that forms the covering of bones except their articulate surfaces? Periosteum
The narrow space throughout the length of the diaphysis that contains yellow bone marrow made of fat cells? Medullary Canal
The dense, hard layer of bone tissue? Compact Bone
The tough, connective tissue membrane lining the medullary canal that contains bone marrow? Endosteum
Part of the long bone that contains red bone marrow? Cancellous/ spoungy bone
The place were 2 bones connect? Joint
A joint that produces no movement? Synarthorotic Joint
A joint that permits very little movement? Amphiarthrotic Joints
A joint that allows for free movement in a variety of different directions? Diarthrotic
Movement away from the midline? abduction
Movement of a body part towards the midline? Adduction
The process of moving a body part forward? Protraction
The process of moving a body part around a central axis? Rotation
The process of lying supine/face up; palm and feet upward? Supination
The central portion of the skeletion that consists of the skull, sternum, ribs, vertebrae,sacrum, and coccyx Axial Skeleton
Four spinal curves Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Sacral
The first cervical vertebra Atlas
The second cervical vertebrae Axis
How many pairs of ribs? 12
# of true ribs 7
# of false ribs 3
# of floating ribs 2
Consists of the upper and lower extremities Appendicular Skeleton
Difference between the male and female pelvis Females is lighter and wider
Also known as "swayback" Lordosis
Also known as humpback Kyphosis
Symptoms of Arthritis Joint pain, swelling, morning stiffness, warmth, and redness
Fairly common metabolic bone disease of unknown cause characterized by bone destruction and deformity Pagets disease
Deficiency in calcium and Vit D in early childhood (bowed legs) Rickets
Inflamation of the bone and the marrow due to infection Osteomyelitis
Fractures that projects through the skin; most dangerous Open
Also known as a simple fracture and does not break that skin Closed
Part of the bone is shattered into many bony fragments Comminuted
Fracture produced by twisting Spiral
Fracture result of reachin forward to stop a fall Colle's
These fractures occur in the vertebrae Compression
These fractions occur in the ankle and tibia and fibula Pott's
Disease with progression of loss of bone density and thin bone tissue Osteoporosis
Who is at greatest risk of getting osteoporosis family history of the disease and women ages 50-70
The way to decrease the risk of getting osteoporosis increase calcium and Vit D intake and exercise
Diagnosis of osteoporosis is done by bone density test
Functions of a bone support, body shape, store mineral salts and calcium, blood cell formation, skeletal muscle attchment, and help make movement possible
6 kinds of bones long, short, flat, irregular, sesamoid, sutural
Created by: niki1382