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Coding Lesson 07

Medical Coding Lesson 07 - Respiratory System

Inspiration Air goes into the lungs when the diaphragm and intercostal muscles contract.
Expiration Air is forced out of the lungs when the diaphragm and intercostal muscles relax.
Mucous membrane A thin layer of tissue that produces mucus.
Mucus A sticky substance that traps particulates and prevents them from traveling through the respiratory system.
Cilia Microscopic hairs that move particulates trapped in mucus out of the respiratory system.
Pharynx More commonly known as the throat.
Larynx More commonly known as the voice box or glottis.
Trachea More commonly known as the windpipe.
Bronchi Small air passages that are lined with mucous membranes and lead to the lungs.
Bronchioles Very small airways that lead to the alveoli.
Alveoli Air sacs at the end of the bronchioles that exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
RSV Respiratory Syncytial Virus
SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Axial skeleton The trunk of the body (excluding arms and legs)
Cervical Uppermost area of spine (top seven vertebrae)
Coccyx Lower tip of the spine
Diaphysis The shaft part of a long bone
Distal skeleton Bones farthest from the axial skeleton (lower arms, lower legs, hands, feet)
Epiphysis The knob end of a long bone
Intervertebral disc A cartilage cushion between vertebrae in the spine
Lumbar Spine of the lower back (five vertebrae below thoracic)
Metaphysis Where the diaphysis joins the epiphysis
Proximal skeleton Bones closest to the axial skeleton (upper arms and legs)
Sacrum Vertebrae within the pelvic girdle, which fuse in late teen years
Thoracic Spine of the upper body (middle 12 vertebrae)
Vertebra A cylindrical bone of the spinal column, enclosing the spinal cord
Flexors Muscles that contract or bend at the joint
Extensors Muscles that extend at the joint (opposite of flexors)
Abductors Muscles that move body parts away from the trunk
Adductors Muscles that move body parts toward the trunk
Greenstick Incomplete fracture (think of breaking a tree branch that's still green)
Closed Simple, complete
Open Compound
Impacted Telescoped
Spiral The break encircles the bone in a spiral shape
Comminuted The bone is broken, splintered or crushed in several pieces
Created by: josimaryduke