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Sci Rev 16 & 17th ce

Scientific Revolution in the 16th & 17th Centuries Chp 14 in The Western Heritag

QuestionAnswer
Scientific Revolution A process that established a new view of the universe. Not "new science" but a reexamining of old science
On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres Nicolaus Copernicus
The Ptolemaic System Combination of mathmatical astronomy of Ptolemy and physical cosmetology of Aristotle. Geocentric
The Ptolemaic Model A planet moved uniformly around a small circle (epicycle), and the center of the epicycle moved uniformally around a larger circle (deferent), with Earth at or near the center
Copernicus's Universe Heliocentric. Still had epicycles but they were smalller.
Tycho Brahe Mercury and Venus circle sun and sun, moon, and other planets orbit earth. Produced accurate data by using tools.
Johannes Kepler Brahe's assisstant. Took possession of Brahe's data. Heliocentric model, but abandoned circular components of Copernicus's model, especially epicycles. Discovered elliptical path of planets
The New Astronomy Johannes Kepler
Galileo Galilei Found new evidence supporting Copernicus
Starry Messenger Galileo
Letters on Sunspots Galileo
Isaac Newton The Laws of Gravitation
Principia Mathematica Isaac Newton
Mechanism Sought to explain the world in terms of mechanical mataphors
Empiricism Experimentation in science
The Empirical Method Francis Bacon
The Advancement of Learning Francis Bacon
Novum Organum Bacon
The New Atlantis Bacon
Rene Descartes Invented analytic geometry and deduction.
Discourse on Method Rene Descartes
Scientific Induction Scientists draw generalizations derived from and test hypotheses against empirical observations.
Thomas Hobbes Humans are evil and seek only to serve themselves. Absolute rule.
Leviathan Hobbes
John Locke Moderate liberty and toleration.
First and Second Treatise of Government Locke
Letter Concerning Toleration Locke
Essay Concerning Human Understanding Locke
Margaret Cavendish Woman natural philosopher and writer. 1st and only woman to be allowed to visit a meeting of the Royal Society of London in the 17th century.
Maria Winkelmann Worked with her husband, discovered a comet.
Observations Upon Experimental Philosophy Cavendish
Description of a New World, Called the Blazing World Cavendish
Newtonianism for Ladies Francesco Algarotti
Emilie du Chatelet Aided Voltaire in his book on Newtonian science
Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems Galileo- the book that led to his arrest
Blais Pascal Tried to reconcile faith and new science
Pensees (Thoughts) Pascal
Physico-theology The religious thought associated with deducing of religious conclusions from nature
Baroque Covered natural objests in a surrealisic way.
Michelangelo Caravaggio Devoted to picturing sharp contrasts between dark and light.
Louis LeNain Painted peasants
Gian Lorenzo Bernini St. Peter's Basilica
Peter Paul Rubens Leading Baroque religious painter
Versailles Interior covered with Baroque art
Created by: rachael94