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Terminology Lesson 8

Medical Terminology Lesson 8 - Prefixes and Suffixes P through Z

Prefix/Suffix pachy thick
pachycephalic abnormal thickness of the skull
pachyderm thick-skinned animal
Prefix para near,departure from the norm
paralgia abnormal pain
paradox near reality, apparent
Prefix/Suffix path, pathy, patho, pathic disease
pathology study of disease
psychopath antisocial disorder, mind disease
Suffix penia deficiency
cytopenia lack of cellular elements in the blood
dyscrasia blood problems
Prefix peri around
pericardium around the heart
perimeter around border
systolic high number of blood pressure
diastolic low number of blood pressure
Suffix pexy fixation, suspension, repair
retinopexy surgical repair of a detached retina
Suffix phobia fear of
hydrophobia water, fear of
Suffix phoresis transmission
diaphoresis perspiration, transmission of sweat
Suffix plasty plastic surgical correction
orthoplasty surgical straightening
plaster fix building material
Suffix plegia paralysis
paraplegia paralysis from the waist down
Prefix/Suffix poly (multi,pluri) many
polyarthritis arthritis in numerous joints
monopoly one over many
Prefix/Suffix post after
postmortem after death
posterior back surface
Prefix pre (ante,pro) before
preoperative, pre-op before surgery
preliminary before the final results
Prefix pro (ante,pre) in front of
proglossis tip of the tongue
proactive very much for something
Prefix pseudo (psi,pseudo) false
pseudodipsia false thirst
pseudonym false name, alias
Suffix ptosis falling
mastoptosis sagging of the breast
Prefix re back, again
reflex flex response to stimulation
reaction action back to a previous action
Prefix retro backward
retroflexed bent backward, posterior
retro back
Suffix rrhaphy suture (sewing)
cardiorrhaphy suturing of the heart
Suffix rhexis rupture
angiorrhexis ruptured blood vessel
aortic aneurysm AAA, pronounced "triple A"
Suffix scopy exam, view
bronchoscopy bronchus exam
telescope distant exam
Prefix semi (hemi) half
semicomatose half-conscious
semicircle half circle
Prefix sphygmo pulse
sphygmomanometer pulse meter
Prefix sub (hypo) below
sublingual under the tongue
submarine underwater carft
Prefix super, supra (hyper) above
superacute highly severe
supernova bigger and brighter star
Prefix/Suffix sym, syn together
symbiotic dependent on one another
symphony together musical communication
Prefix tachy swift, fast, quick
tachycardia rapid heart rate
Prefix tele distance
telemetry distance signal monitor interpretation
telephone distance sound transmitting instrument
Prefix/Suffix toxo toxic, poison
toxicoderma skin disease caused by poison
toxin poison
Prefix trans across
transfusion transfer of blood into an individual
transaction a transfer between two entities
Prefix tri three
tricuspid three cusp
triangle a three-angled shape
tricuspid valve valve in the heart between the upper and lower chambers
Prefix ultra above, high
ultrasonic high frequency sound
ultraviolet high frequency electromagnetic light rays
Prefix uni one
uniocular having one working eye
unicorn having one horn
Prefix xeno foreign
xenograft a graft from one species to another
allograft skin harvested from a cadaver
Prefix xero dry
xerochilia dry lips
Created by: josimaryduke