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Chapter 24 & 25

Study guide

What is a radiograph vs sonogram? Processed film that contains a visible image - sonogram-ct uses sound waves.
What tests are done to diagnose thyroid disorders? Radionuclide
What imaging studies may affect pts w/ fear of confined spaces? (claustrophobia) MRI
What does Radiolucent mean? Permitting the passage of X-Rays
Can there be problems w/ barium left in the GI tract? Yes
Know examples of contrast media. By mouth, intravenously, or through a catheter.
Who regulates medical workers who take radiographs? State radiograph association.
What dangers occur with X-rays? Cellular or Genetic damage to the body.
Know side effects of radiation therapy. Hair loss, weight loss, loss of appetite, skin changes digestive system disturbances.
What is a Radiographic view? Describes the body part as seen by an X-ray film or other recording medium, such as a Fluoroscope screen. Restricted to the discussion of a radiograph or image.
What are properties or characteristics of X-rays? Electric Magnetic
Who owns X-ray films? The company that does them.
What is PET? Position emission tomography. A sophisticated nuclear medicine study, uses specialized equipment to produce detailed sectional images of the bodies physiologic processes.
A small bowel follow through involves the use of Barium. A small bowel follow through involves the use of Barium.
What is involved w/ a nuclear medicine study? Injections of small amounts of Radionuclides. Study thyroids, brain, lungs, liver, spleen, kidney, bone, & breast.
What is Fluoroscopy? Uses X-rays to observe movement within the body.
What records the amount of X-ray exposure to a staff member? Dosimeter.
What radiographic procedures involve blood vessels? Angiogram- Angi=Blood vessel Gram=picture or record.
What is the term used for permitting the passage of X-rays? Radiolucent.
What can be inserted into a stenosed or constricted in a vessel to keep the vessel open? Vascular stents
Know forms of oral medications Solids, Buffered caplet, Capsule, Enteric coated tablet, Gelcap, Lozenge, Powder, Spansule or time release capsule, Tablet, Elixer, Emulsion, Extract, Gel, Suspension, Syrup.
How do you handle medications in the office that are past the expiration date? Discarded according to office policy
What are acceptable sites for intradermal injections? Anterior Forearm & back
Know conversions of systems Table 24-2 pg 592
Understand & be able to calculate dosage 12.5 mg: 1 tablet= 25mg: X Multiply the extremes= 12.5X Multiply the means= 25mg 25=12.5X Divide both sides by 12.5 25รท12.5 = 2 tablets
Learn and always remember & use Seven rights of Drug Administration Right patient, Right time, Right dose, Right drug, Right Route, Right technique, Right documentation
What system of measurement is most often used by patients? Household
Be able to convert grams to milligrams and vice versa.
IV administration of a drug is the fastest. What type of injection would would be the next fastest? IM
Is there a difference in Millimeter & Cubic centimeter? Millimeter=ML Cubic Centimeter = CC No.
Be familiar w/ oral, sublingual, & buccal routes Oral= swallowed, Sublingual=under tongue, Buccal=between cheek & gum
Know difference in Ampules, Vials, & Cartridges. Ampules=small glass container that must be broken at neck to aspirate the solution into the syringe. Vials=glass or plastic container sealed@top by rubber stopper. Cartridges=prefilled syringes contain a pre-measured amount of medication w/needles.
What medication is combined w/ oil and water? Emulsion
What self-administration by inhalation methods which produce a fine spray of mist? Nebulizer
Know difference in 3 systems of measurement of medication. Metric:system of measurement that uses grams, liters, & meters. Apothecary: old system that uses grains, minims, & drams. Household: cups, droppers, teaspoons, & tablespoon - uses ML
Know about ratio and proportion. Calculate a dose using the ratio & proportion method.
Created by: Jbrooks1283