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Vital Signs Voc.

TermDefinition
Afebrile Normal or without fever
Anemia Either a decrease in the amount or quality of hemoglobin
Antecubital fossa Refers to the triangular area located on the anterior portion of the elbow joint.
Aortic insufficiency A disease in which a weakened aortic valve prevents it from closing tightly, leading to backflow of blood into the left ventricle.
arteriovenous fistulas An abnormal passageway between an artery and vein.
Auscultation The technical term that refers to listening to various bodily sounds (i.e., heart and breath sounds) through the use of a stethoscope.
Blood Pressure (BP) The amount of pressure within the arteries throughout the cardiac cycle. Blood pressure is expressed as systolic pressure over diastolic pressure in mmHg.
Bradycardia Decreased heart rate; typically refers to rates below 50 beats per minute.
Bradypnea A decreased respiratory rate; typically refers to rates below 10 breaths per minute.
Cerumen The medical term meaning earwax; a yellowish, waxy substance that is secreted in ear canals.
Diastolic When reading blood pressure, this is the bottom number. Diastolic pressure is a measure of arterial pressure during ventricular relaxation. Normal adult diastolic pressure is 75-80mmHg.
Dyspnea Difficulty breathing (usually related to cardiac problems).
Febrile Increase in temperature due to illness.
Hypertension Higher than normal blood pressure; typically when diastolic values are 90 mmHg or above.
Hypothermia Refers to body temperatures that fall below normal range.
Hypovolemia Decreased blood volume.
Korotkoff method The method of using the auscultation of sounds for determining blood pressure.
Pulse A measurement of the hearts contraction rate. The normal rate for adults is 60-100 beats per minute.
Pyrexia The state of having a fever.
Respiration rate The number of breaths that an individual takes in one minute. The normal for adults is 14-18 breaths per minute.
Stroke Volume The volume of blood that is ejected by the left ventricle in one beat.
Supine A position in which the individual is lying on his/her back.
Syncope Also known as fainting, it is a brief loss of consciousness due to a decreased amount of blood flow to the brain.
Systolic When reading blood pressure, this is the top number. Systole refers to the contraction phase in which the blood is being forced out of the heart into the body for circulation. Normal adult systolic pressure is 115-120mmHg.
Tachycardia An increased heart rate; typically refers to rates greater than 100 beats per minute in adults.
Tachypnea An increase in the respiratory rate; typically refers to rates greater than 20 breaths per minute.
Temperature A measure of heat within an individual. The normal range for adults is 97.80 ° F to 99.0 ° F.
Created by: cmerrigan
 

 



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