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Key Terms

Chapter 8

TermDefinition
Abortion The termination of the pregnancy before the fetus reaches the age of viability (20weeks)
Adnexal Adjacent
Amenorrhea The absence or cessation of the menstrual period. Amenorrhea occurs normally before puberty, during pregnancy, and after menopause
Atypical Deviation from the normal
Braxton Hicks Contractions Intermittent and irregular painless uterine contractions that occur throughout pregnancy. They occur more frequently towards the end of pregnancy and are sometimes mistaken for true labor pains
Cervix The lower narrow end of the uterus that opens into the vagina
Colposcopy Examination of the cervix using a colposcope (a lighted instrument with a magnifying lens)
Cytology The science that deals with the study of cells, including their origin, structure, function, and pathology
Dilation (of the cervix) The stretching of the external os from an opening a few millimeters wide to an opening large enough to allow the passage of an infant (approximately 10 cm)
Dysmenorrhea Pain associated with the menstrual period
Dyspareunia Pain in the vagina or pelvis experienced by a women during sexual intercourse
Dysplasia The growth of abnormal cells. Dysplasia is a precancerous condition that may or may not develop into cancer
Ectocervix The part of the cervix that projects into the vagina and is lined with stratified squamous epithelium
Effacement The thinning and shortening of the cervical canal from its normal length of 1 to 2 cm to a structure with paper-thin edges in which there is no canal at all.
Embryo The child in utero from the time of conception through the first 8 weeks of development
Endocervix The mucous membrane lining the cervical canal
Created by: Tangeladenise