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Anatomy CH4

Term/Definition

TermDefinition
Adipocytes Lipid storage cells
Adipose tissue Specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat
Anchoring junction Mechanically attaches adjacent cells to each other or to the basement membrane
Apical That part of a cell or tissue which, in general, faces an open space
Apocrine secretion Release of a substance along with the apical portion of the cell
Apoptosis Programmed cell death
Areolar tissue /loose connective tissue A type of connective tissue proper that shows little specialization with cells dispersed in the matrix
Astrocyte Star-shaped cell in the central nervous system that regulates ions and uptake and/or breakdown of some neurotransmitters and contributes to the formation of the blood-brain barrier
Atrophy Loss of mass and function
Basal lamina Thin extracellular layer that lies underneath epithelial cells and separates them from other tissues
Basement membrane In epithelial tissue, a thin layer of fibrous material that anchors the epithelial tissue to the underlying connective tissue; made up of the basal lamina and reticular lamina
Cardiac muscle Heart muscle, under involuntary control, composed of striated cells that attach to form fibers, each cell contains a single nucleus, contracts autonomously
Cell junction Point of cell-to-cell contact that connects one cell to another in a tissue
Chondrocytes Cells of the cartilage
Clotting/coagulation Complex process by which blood components form a plug to stop bleeding
Collagen fiber Flexible fibrous proteins that give connective tissue tensile strength
Connective tissue Type of tissue that serves to hold in place, connect, and integrate the body's organs and systems
Connective tissue membrane Connective tissue that encapsulates organs and lines movable joints
Connective tissue proper Connective tissue containing a viscous matrix, fibers, and cells
Cutaneous membrane Skin; epithelial tissue made up of a stratified squamous epithelial cells that cover the outside of the body
Dense connective tissue Connective tissue proper that contains many fibers that provide both elasticity and protection
Ectoderm Outermost embryonic germ layer from which the epidermis and the nervous tissue derive
Elastic cartilage Type of cartilage, with elastin as the major protein, characterized by rigid support as well as elasticity
Elastic fiber Fibrous protein within connective tissue that contains a high percentage of the protein elastin that allows the fibers to stretch and return to original size
Endocrine gland Groups of cells that release chemical signals into the inter cellular fluid to be picked up and transported to their target organs by blood
Endoderm Innermost embryonic germ layer from which most of the digestive system and lower respiratory system derive
Created by: jennw
 

 



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