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History of Medicine

09/16/19 history of medicine quiz study stack

TermDefinition
Carla Barton Founded the American Red Cross in 1881
Chinese Used acupuncture to relieve pain and congestion
Marie Curie Isolated radium in 1910
Leonardo da Vinci Artist who used dissection to draw the human body
Dark Ages Emphasis was placed on saving the soul and study of medicine was prohibited
Dorothea Dix Appointed as Superintendent of Female Nurses of the Army in 1861
Egyptians Earliest people known to maintain accurate health records
Gabriel Fahrenheit Created the first mercury thermometer
Sir Alexander Fleming Discovered Penicillin in 1928
Benjamin Franklin Invented bifocal glasses
Sigmund Freud Studies formed the basis for psychology and psychiatry flu
William Harvey Described the circulation of blood to and from the heart
Hippocrates Father of Medicine
Edward Jenner Created vaccine for smallpox in 1796
Robert Koch Developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens
Joseph Lister Began using disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery
Gregory Mendel Established the patterns of heredity
Florence Nightingale Founder of modern nursing
Louis Pasteur Began pasteurizing milk to kill bacteria
Rhazes An Arab physician who began the use of animal gut for suture material
William Roentgen Discovered X-rays in 1895
Romans Began public health and sanitation systems
Jonas Salk Developed polio vaccine in 1952
Andreas Vesalius Dissected human bodies and wrote Human Anatomy book in 1500's
Karl Landsteiner Discovered different blood types and named them
Dr. Horace Wells, William Morton, and Crawford Long Invented first form of anesthesia and production mask
Ignaz Summelweis Discovered sanitation prevents deaths
James Lind Developed theory that citrus fruit cures scurvy(Vitamin C deficiency)
Howard Florey & Erns Chain Discovered how to purify & extract penicillin
Gerhard Domagk Developed sulfa drugs to fight infections
Sir Frederick Grant Banting, Charles Best & John James Rickard Maclead Discovered insulin and how to treat diabetes with it.
Michael Bishop & Harold Varmus Discovered everyone has cancer cells on a cellular level but they need a trigger
Luk Montegnier & Robert Gallo Discovered How AID's work and that they come from HIV
Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins Discovered vitamins are crucial for our survival & health
Joseph Murray Performed first successful human kidney transplant
Benjamin Carson Successfully separated Siamese twins in 1987
Christian Barnard Performed first successful heart transplant 1967
Francis Crick & James Watson Discovered the DNA sequence
Elizabeth Blackwell First female physician in the US
James Blundell First successful blood transfusion in 1818
Rene Laennecc Invented the stethoscope in 1816
Dr. Jessee Bennet Performed first successful C-section in 1794
John Hunter Established scientific surgical procedures and introduced the feeding tube in 1778
Created by: angelica12_04