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Key Terms

Chapter 7

Ambulation Walking or moving from one place to another
Ambulatory Able to walk as opposed to being confined to bed or a wheelchair
Brace An orthopedic device used to support and hold a part of the body in the correct position to allow functioning and healing
Compress A soft, moist, absorbent cloth that is folded in several layers and applied to a part of the body in the local application of heat or cold
Edema The retention of fluid in the tissues, resulting in swelling
Erythema Reddening of the skin caused by dilation of superficial blood vessels in the skin
Exudate A discharge produced by the body's tissues
Long arm cast A cast that extends from the axilla to the fingers of the hand, usually with a bend in the elbow
Long leg cast A cast that extends from the midthigh to the toes
Maceration The softening and breaking down of the skin as a result of prolonged exposure to moisture
Orthopedist A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system, which includes the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves
Short arm cast A cast that extends from below the knee and extends to the fingers
Short leg cast A cast that begins just below the elbow and extends to the toes
Soak The direct immersion of a body part in the water or a medicated solution
Splint An orthopedic device used to support and immobilize a part of the body
Sprain Trauma to a joint that causes injury to the ligaments
Strain An overstretching of a muscle caused by trauma
Suppuration The process of pus formation
Created by: Tangeladenise
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