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anatomy CH1

organ systems and functions

organ systemorgansfunctions
skeletal system cartilage, bones, joints supports the body, enables movement
muscular system made up of about 700 named muscles attached to the bones of the skeletal system that are constructed of skeletal muscle tissue, blood vessels, tendons, and nerves enables movement with skeletal system, helps maintain body temp
nervous system the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the body detects and processes sensory information, activates bodily responses
endocrine system hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroids, adrenals, pineal body, pancreas, ovaries/testes produce and secrete hormones, regulates bodily processes
cardiovascular system heart, blood vessels, blood delivers oxygen and nutrients to tissues, equalizes temperature in the body
lymphatic system thymus, lymph nodes, spleen, lymphatic vessels, tonsils, adenoids help rid the body of toxins, waste and other unwanted materials, transports lymph(a fluid containing infection-fighting white blood cells) throughout the body
respiratory system nose and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, alveoli taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide
digestive system salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, liver, gallbladder, pancreas digestion and absorption, removes waste from undigested food
urinary system kidneys, renal pelvis, ureters, bladder, urethra produces, stores, and eliminates urine, controls water balance in the body, removes waste from the blood and excretes it
reproductive system testes, epididymis, vas deferens, prostate, ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, mammary glands produce sex hormones and gametes
integumentary system hair, skin, nails encloses internal body structures, site of many sensory receptors,
Created by: jennw