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Anatomy Week 2 Lab

3 major regions in animal cells nucleus, plasma membrane, & cytoplasm
genetic material loosely dispersed throughout the nucleus in a threadlike form chromatin
when dividing cells form daughter cells, the chromatin coils and condenses forming dense rodlike bodies called chromosomes
in the nucleus, there is one or more small spherical bodies called ____________ that are composed primarily of proteins and RNA nucleoli
the nucleus is bound by a double -layered porous membrane called the nuclear envelope
these are on the surface of the nuclear envelope and allow things to pass through nuclear pores
tiny spherical bodies composed of RNA and protein that float free or are attached to the rough ER; in charge of protein synthesis ribosomes
membranous system of tubules that extend through cytoplasm endoplasmic reticulum
studded with ribosomes and provide an area for storage and transport of the proteins made on the ribosomes to other cell areas rough endoplasmic reticulum
NO function in protein synthesis; site of steroid and lipid synthesis, lipid metabolism, and drug detoxification smooth endoplasmic reticulum
stack of flattened sacs found close to the nucleus; packages proteins to export from the cell, use in plasma membrane & in packaging lysosomal enzymes golgi apparatus
various sized membrane sacs containing digestive enzymes; digests worn out cell organelles and foreign substances; can cause total cell destruction "suicide sacs" lysosomes
small lysosome-like sacs that detoxify alcohol, free radicals, & other harmful chemicals; abdundant in liver & kidney cells peroxisomes
rod-shaped bodies (i think bean) with a double membrane wall; inner membrane like folds, oxidizes food to produce cell energy (ATP) mitochondria
paired, cylindrical bodies that lie at right angles of each other close to the nucleus, 9 triplets of microtubules; forms mitotic spindle during cell division, forms basal bodies centrioles
Created by: ellyeaton



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