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Chap1 Study Guide

Questions from Chapter 1

QuestionAnswer
Specialized groups of cells working together for the same general purpose form........ organs
In location, the nose is ......... to the eyes. Medial/ inferior
Normal body function maintains a state of internal balance called.......... Homeostasis
In the word physiology -logy is an example of a word part called a ........ suffix
One of two systems that control and coordinate other systems. Nervous system
The system that brings needed substances to the body tissues. Cardiovascular system
The system that converts foods into a form that body cells can use. Digestive system
The outermost body system. Integumentary system
The system of glands that produce hormones. Endocrine system
Which science studies normal body structure? Anatomy
Where is intracellular fluid located? Inside body cells
What is the main way of regulating homeostasis? Negative feedback
Which cavity contains the mediastinum? Thoracic
In location, the ankle is...........to the knee distal
A plane that divides the body into right and left portions is a ........... Sagittal plane
The most inferior midline region of the abdomen is the ....... hypogastric region
What are the levels of organization in the body? Chemicals, Cells, Tissues, Organs, Body systems
What do organs working together combine to form? Systems
Name in order of action the components of a negative feedback loop. The sensor, control center, and effector.
What term describes a location farther from the origin, such as the wrist in comparison to the elbow? Distal
What are the three planes in which the body can be cut? Frontal, Sagittal, Transverse
Name the two main body cavities? Dorsal and Ventral
Name the three CENTRAL regions and the three left and right LATERAL regions of the abdomen. Epigastric, Umbilical, Hypogastric. Hypochondriac, Lumbar, iliac
Created by: Jessica Venyke