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Language of Anatomy

Oriental/Directional Terms

TermDefinition
Superior toward the head end or upper part of the body ex. forehead is superior to the nose
Inferior away from the head end or toward the lower part of the body ex. navel bone is inferior to the breastbone
Anterior toward the front of the body ex. the breastbone is anterior to the spine
Posterior toward of at the backside of the body ex. the heart is posterior to the breastbone
Medial toward or at the mid line of the body ex. the heart is medial to the arm
Lateral away from the mid line of the body ex. the arms are lateral to the chest
Proximal close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk ex. the elbow is proximal to the wrist (meaning that the elbow is closer to the shoulder than the wrist)
Intermediate between a more medial and a more lateral structure ex. the collarbone is intermediate between the breastbone and the shoulder
Distal farther from the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk ex. the knee is distal to the thigh
Superficial toward or at the body surface ex. the skin is superficial to the skeleton
Deep away from the body surface; more internal ex. the lungs are deep to the rib cage
Created by: sbraveman0101