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Ch 1 Lab Anatomy

Describe the standard Anatomical position Body erect, feet slightly apart, palms facing forward with thumbs pointing away from the body
The two major divisions of body and what they include Axial- Head, neck, and trunk. Everything in the middle Appendicular- The limbs
The four common body planes Sagittal, frontal (coronal), transverse (horizontal), Oblique
What does the sagittal plane cut into Left and right sections
What does the frontal plane cut into Anterior and posterior
What does the transverse cut into Lower body and upper body
What does the oblique cut into An odd angle that is not 90°
What is superior (cranial) Above, toward the head,
What is inferior (caudal) Away from Head and, lower part of body
What is anterior (ventral) Toward the front of the body, in front of
What is posterior (dorsal) Toward the back of the body, behind
What is medial Toward the middle
What is a lateral Away from the middle
What is proximal Closer to insertion point, closer to point of attachment of limbs
What is distal Farther from point of attachment
What is superficial Exterior
What is deep Interior
What are the two sets of cavities Dorsal body cavity, ventral body cavity
What does the dorsal body cavity contain The cranial cavity (encases the brain) and the vertebral cavity (encases the spinal cord)
What does ventral body cavity contains The thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic cavity
What is Serosa and what are the 2 types Then double layered membrane’s that cover surfaces. Parietal serosa -Lines internal body cavity walls Visceral Serosa- covers internal organs
What are the four abdominopelvic quadrants Right upper quadrant, left upper quadrant, right lower quadrant, left lower quadrant
What are the nine abdominopelvic regions (right to left up to down) Right hypochondriac region, Epigastric region, left hypochondriac region, right lumbar region, umbilical region, left lumbar region, right iliac region, hypogastric region, left iliac region
What are some other body cavities that are exposed to the environment Oral and digestive cavities, nasal cavity, orbital cavities, middle ear cavities
What other body cavity is not exposed to the environment Synovial cavity: joint cavities
Created by: Pelinair