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absolutism/ scifrev

state building, scienfic revolution and enlightenment

QuestionAnswer
andreas vesalius in netherlands he conducts dissections of human bodies and record in detail. Published in 1543. movable type makes his book the source for human anatomy creation of anatomical atlas
immanuel knat considered the last major philosophic. suggested that we are all born with our own ideas and perceptions of the world
tableau economique a limited gov intervention would be much more beneficial of both society and the individual let triad develop on own
ottoman administrative organization millets and pahalyks
emeile du catelet Translates Prinipia Mathmatica into french.
margaret cavandish published her own autobiography. was nominated for the royal society of science but could not be a member because she was a woman
fontenelles conversation on the plurality of worlds 1st popular sci book that talks about different cultures
political and economic background of enligtenment weath from asia and americas catapulted a new class of merchants into prominence partially displacing the aristocracy rise of the middle class challangeing the monarchy and church
madame geoffrin most influential of salons
benedict spinoza one of the most important rationalists. divine power is nature god is nature proposed historical critical methods for bible interpretation
cesare becaria wants to use reason to understand how society punishes people. wrote on crimes and punishments. punishment should be standard and never involve torture
Francis Bacon Scintist should observe the world and gather data. conduct experiments develop theories sci must have human goals tolerance
Rene Decartes father of modernday skeptics doubt everything until it can be proven with reason i think therefor i am
the irish rebellion to put down rebellion the English needed a big army but did not king and refused
robert hook used early microscope to describe appearance of plants credited with creating the term cell
religious conflict under charles II relations between puritans, Catholics and Anglican church remained tense laws adopted against Catholics
Carl Linnaeus a swedish botanist, physicain and zoologist laid the foundation for the modern scheme of binomial nomenclature known as the father of modern taxonomy system nature
pascals wager a wager to rationalist that if u use reason that its much better to believe in god cause then u win both ways
francois quesnay emphasis on land as the true source of wealth reject the ideas of mercantilism
voltaire surprised how free society was in England letter on the English wants gov to be like English in France.
the baron de montesquieu lawyer in parliament interested in limiting the kings authority Persian letters on the spirit of laws
on the law of war and peace hugo grotius- proposed the honoring of treaties and human treatment of war prisoners. the nature of war and the right to live ur life peacefully.
Hugo Grotius the right of the individual to live and exist peacefully transcends any responsibility to a governments idea of national duty
2nd declaration of indulgence under James II suspended all religious tests and permited free worship
James II he aimed at increasing monarchy authority alianted parliament appointed Catholics to highest positions in his court and army.
Balaise Pascal produced a mathimatical calculator one cannot use reason for everything sought to keep religion and sci united
the test act a reaction to the declaration of indulgence those who refused to ricive the Eucharist in the Anglican church could not vote, hold public office, preach teach or assemble for meetings
declaration of indugence charles II suspended all laws against roman Catholics however the parliament opposed these measures
Created by: lanfear25